10th Class Biology Chapter 6 Inheritance Short Questions Answer

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10th Class Biology Chapter 6 Inheritance Short Questions Answer

Define phenotype?

Define phenotype?

Answer : It is the form of appearance of a trait in an individual.
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Define alleles?

Define alleles?

Answer : Partners of a gene pair are called alleles.
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Who discovered chromosomes?

Who discovered chromosomes?

Answer : Chromosomes were discovered by waldeyer in 1876
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What is locus?

What is locus?

Answer : the position of a gene on the chromosome is called locus.
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Define crossing over?

Define crossing over?

Answer : An exchange of segments between non-sister chromatids of homologous chromosomes occurs at the chiasmata.This process is called crossing over.
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Define genetics?

Define genetics?

Answer : The study of inheritance and genetic material is called genetics.
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What is homologous pair or chromosomes?

What is homologous pair or chromosomes?

Answer : Two chromosomes, which are similar in their shape, size and position of centromere, make one homologous pair.
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What is genome?

What is genome?

Answer : The total amount of genetic material in a chromosome set of an individual is called its genome.
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What is linkage?

What is linkage?

Answer : The phenomenon of staying together of all the genes of a chromosome is called linkage.
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Why more genes are found on X-chromosomes than Y-chromosomes?

Why more genes are found on X-chromosomes than Y-chromosomes?

Answer : X-being larger has more number of genes while Y-being smaller has small number of genes.
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What is karyotype?

What is karyotype?

Answer : The entire chromosomes complement of an individual or cell is called karyotype.
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What is genotype?

What is genotype?

Answer : The genetic makeup of an individual is called its genotype.
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What are the genes of Medellin factors? Who coined the term genes first time?

What are the genes of Medellin factors? Who coined the term genes first time?

Answer : For him these were discrete physical units of inheritance. Johansson coined the term gene and people started calling them genes. Today for us these factors are parts of DNA, the base sequence that carry the biological information to determine a trait. Mendel’s factors are alleles of genes
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What is multiple alleles?

What is multiple alleles?

Answer : More than two alternative form of a gene are called multiple alleles.
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Where are synthesized the restriction enzymes? What is their use?

Where are synthesized the restriction enzymes? What is their use?

Answer : Bacteria make restriction enzymes for their own defense. These enzymes cut unwanted DNA into pieces
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What is hereditary disease? How is it cured?

What is hereditary disease? How is it cured?

Answer : A hereditary disease is a body malfunction caused by a gene. It cannot be cured unless the malfunctioning gene is repaired or replaced by a normal one.
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State the law of Segregation?

State the law of Segregation?

Answer : The two coexisting alleles of an individual for each trait segregate during gamete formation so that each gamete gets only one of the two alleles. This is called Mendel’s law of segregation.
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What is test cross?

What is test cross?

Answer : It is a matching in which an individual showing a dominant phenotype is crossed with an individual showing its recessive phenotype.
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How does a son or daughter get sex chromosome from their parent?

How does a son or daughter get sex chromosome from their parent?

Answer : A son receive X-chromosomes from his mother any Y from his father. A daughter receive one X from her father and other X from her mother.
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How many linkage groups are present in frog and man each?

How many linkage groups are present in frog and man each?

Answer : The number of linkage groups corresponds to the number of homologous pairs of chromosomes. You have 23 linkage groups .A frog has 13 linkage groups.
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What is punnett square?

What is punnett square?

Answer : It is a simple method for tracking the kinds of gametes and their all possible combinations at fertilization. Each block of square represents a possible combination of alleles. It was proposed by a British mathematician named punnett.
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many genes are required for appearance of traits?

many genes are required for appearance of traits?

Answer : Traits with a few phenotypes are determined by a few alleles of a gene. Traits with many phenotypes need many alleles of different gene.
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What are multiple alleles?

What are multiple alleles?

Answer : More than two alternative form of a gene are called multiple alleles.
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What is test cross?

What is test cross?

Answer : It is a matching in which an individual showing a dominant phenotype is crossed with an individual showing its recessive phenotype.
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State the law of independent assortment?

State the law of independent assortment?

Answer : When two contrasting pairs of traits are followed in in the same cross, their alleles assort independently into gametes. This called law of independent assortment.
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What is the base sequence of DNA?

What is the base sequence of DNA?

Answer : Arrangements of nitrogenous bases in a linear order in DNA molecule is called base sequence.
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What are autosomes?

What are autosomes?

Answer : Autosomes do not carry any sex determining gene. All chromosomes other than sex chromosomes are called autosomes. The genes on autosomes determines autosomal traits.
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What are genes? What is meant by biological inheritance?

What are genes? What is meant by biological inheritance?

Answer : Genes are the units of inheritance because these determine inherited character. The terms hereditary and inheritance are more or less synonymous. Biological inheritance is the passage of traits determined by genes from one generation to the next.
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Define heredity?

Define heredity?

Answer : Transfer of characteristics from parents to off springs is called heredity.
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Does the distance between genes affect linkage?

Does the distance between genes affect linkage?

Answer : Closer the two gene loci, more strongly are their genes linked. The father apart two genes lie greater are the chances of their separation through crossing over.
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