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PPSC Syllabus For Sociology Lecturer 2021 Sample Test Pattern

Punjab Public Service Commission has announced jobs for the posts of Sociology Lecturer. The Higher Education Department has announced vacancies for the posts of lecturers through PPSC. The Candidates who are interested and have the relevant qualification they should apply online for the offered recruitment. The department invited all the male and female applicants to apply for the lecturer. It is the golden opportunity for the desiring individuals. Applications must be submitted before the last date.

PPSC Sociology Lecturer Jobs Test Syllabus:

Sociology syllabus is 80% consist of Sociologysubject while 20% paper consists of General Knowledge subjects. The total marks of the paper are 100 and the total time is 90 minutes.

Sr No Subject Marks
01 Sociology 80
02 General Knowledge 20
03 Mark of Each Question
04 Negative Mark 0.5
05 Total Marks 100



  2. Definition of Sociology
  3. Culture and Society
  • Socialization, Norms, Values, Status and Roles
  1. Sociological Perspectives
    1. Structuralism
    2. Interpretive theories
    3. Modernism And Postmodernism


  1. Sociological perspectives on the family
    1. The functionalist perspective
    2. The traditional Marxist perspective
    3. Marxist feminist and radical feminist perspective on the family
  1. Family ideology
  • olitics, Social Policy and the family
  1. Is the family a declining social institution?


  1. Sex: A Biological Distinction
  2. Gender: A Cultural Distinction
  1. Gender in global perspective
  2. Patriarchy and sexism
  • Gender Socialization
    1. Gender and the family
    2. Gender and the peer group
    3. Gender and schooling
    4. Gender and the mass media
  1. Gender Stratification
    1. Working men and women
    2. Housework: women’s “second shift”
    3. Gender, income and wealth
    4. Gender and education
    5. Gender and politics
    6. Gender and the Military
    7. Are women a minority?
    8. Minority women
    9. Violence against women
  2. Theoretical analysis of gender
    1. Structural-Functional Analysis
    2. Social-conflict analysis
  3. Feminism
    1. Basic feminist ideas
    2. Variations within feminism
    3. Opposition to feminism

4.    Health

  1. What is meant by ‘health’, ‘illness’ and ‘disease’?
  2. Disability
  • The medical and social models of health
    1. The medical (biomedical) model of health
    2. The social model of health
  1. Becoming a health statistic
  2. Medicine and social control; the sick role
    1. Features of the sick role
  3. The power of the medical profession
    1. Protecting the patient
    2. Criticisms of the medical professions
    3. The erosion of medical power?
  • Marxist approaches to health and medicine
  • How society influences health
    1. Improvements in health in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
  1. The new ‘disease burden’
    1. What are the causes of these new diseases?
  1. Inequalities in health
    1. Social class inequalities in health
    2. Gender differences in health
  2. Inequalities in health
    1. Funding
    2. Geography
    3. Social Class
    4. Disability
  • Mental illness
    1. What is mental illness?
    2. Care in the community
    3. The biomedical approach to mental illness
    4. The social construction of mental illness


  • The power of the media
  • Ownership of the mass media
  • The mass media and ideology
  • Do the owners of the media control their content?
    1. The manipulative or instrumentalist approach
    2. The dominant ideology or hegemonic approach
    3. The pluralist approach
  • Violence and the media
  • What affects the content of the media? Bias in the media
    1. The owners
    2. Making a profit
    3. Organizational constraints
    4. Agenda-setting
    5. Gate-keeping
    6. Norm-setting
  • The presentation and social construction of the news
    1. Inaccurate and false reporting
    2. News values and ‘newsworthiness’
  1. The assumptions and activities of journalists
  • The media, crime and deviance
  • Media Representation and Stereotyping
    1. Media representations of age
    2. Media representations of social class
    3. Media representations of ethnicity
    4. Media representations of gender
    5. Media representations of disability
  • The mass media and mass culture
    1. ‘Mass culture’
    2. ‘High culture’
    3. A Marxist view of mass culture
    4. Criticism of the idea of a ‘mass culture’


  1. The Function of Schooling
    1. Socialization
    2. Culture Innovation
    3. Social Integration
    4. Social Placement
    5. Latent Functions of Schooling
  2. Schooling and social Inequality
    1. Social control
    2. Standardized testing
    3. School tracking
    4. Inequality among schools
    5. Access to higher education
    6. Credentialism
    7. Privilege and personal merit


  1. Localized Collectives: Crowds
    1. Mobs and riots
    2. Crowds, mobs and social change
    3. Explaining crowd behavior
  2. Dispersed collectives: mass behavior
    1. Rumor and gossip
    2. Public opinion and propaganda
    3. Panic and mass hysteria
    4. Fashions and fads
  3. Social Movement
    1. Types of social movements
    2. Explaining social movements
    3. Gender and social movements
    4. Stages and social movements
    5. Social movements and social change
    6. Social engineering


  1. Ecology: The study of the natural environment
    1. The role of sociology
    2. The global dimension
    3. The historical dimension
    4. Population increase
    5. Cultural patterns: growth and limits
  2. Environmental Issues
    1. Solid waste: the disposable society
    2. Preserving clean water
    3. Cleaning the air
    4. Acid rain
    5. The rain forests
  1. Society and the environment: theoretical analysis
    1. Structural-functional analysis
    2. Cultural ecology
    3. Social-conflict analysis
    4. Alternative dispute resolution
    5. Environmental racism


  1. Sociological theories and ideas
    1. Sociological study of religion
    2. Theories of religion
  2. Real world religions
    1. Totemism and animism
    2. Judasim, Christianity and Islam
    3. The religions of the Far East
    4. Religious organizations
  3. Secularization and religious revival


  1. Power and Authority
    1. Traditional authority
    2. Regional-legal authority
  • Charismatic authority
  1. Politics in global perspective
    1. Monarchy
    2. Democracy
  • Authoritarianism
  1. Totalitarianism
  2. A Global political system?
  3. Theoretical analysis of power in society
    1. The pluralist model: the people rule
    2. The Power-elite model: a few people rule
  • The Marxist model: bias in the system itself
  1. Power beyond the rules
    1. Revolution
    2. Terrorism
  2. War And Peace
    1. The causes of war
    2. The costs and causes of militarism
  • Nuclear weapons
  1. The pursuit of peace


  1. Demography: the study of population
    1. Fertility
    2. Mortality
  • Migration
  1. Population growth
  2. Population composition
  1. History and Theory of Population Growth
    1. Malthusian theory
    2. Demographic transition theory
  • Global population today: a brief survey


    • Influences on the choice of research method
      1. Positivism and research methods
      2. Interpretive research methods
      3. Other influences on the choice of research methods
    • Key issues in social research
      1. Validity
      2. Reliability
      3. Ethics
    • Primary and Secondary data
    • Qualitative secondary sources
      1. The advantage and uses of qualitative secondary sources
      2. The disadvantages and limitations of qualitative secondary sources
      3. Content analysis
    • Qualitative secondary sources
      1. The advantages and uses of official statistics
      2. The problems and limitations of official statistics
    • The experimental (laboratory) methods of research
  2. Problems of using the experimental method in sociology
  3. Field experiments
    • The Comparative methods
    • Surveys and sampling methods
      1. Who uses the survey method?
      2. Representativeness and sampling
      3. The stages of a survey
      4. Problems of the social survey
  • Questionnaires
  1. The nature and use of questionnaires
  2. Questionnaire design: principle and problems
  3. Types of questionnaires
  4. The validity of questionnaire research 10)Interviews
    1. Structure of formal interviews
    2. Unstructured or informal interviews
    3. General problems of interviews
    4. Concluding remarks on interviews
  • Participant observation
  1. The theoretical context of participant observation
  2. The stages of participant observation and related problems
  3. The strengths and weakness as of participant observation
  4. Internal and external consistency in participant observation
  • Non-participant observation 13)Longitudinal studies
  • Case studies and life histories 15)Methodological pluralism and triangulation 16)Doing your own research
    1. Hypothesis or aim
    2. Context and concepts
    3. Main research methods and reasons for their use
    4. Potential problems

17)An example of coursework proposal


  1. Globalization
    1. Factors contributing to globalization
    2. The globalization debate
  • The impact of globalization
  1. Global Interdependence
  1. What is Social Change?
  2. Globalization: Essential Features
  3. Causes and consequences of social change
  4. Factors contributing to globalization
  5. The globalization debate
  6. The impact of globalization
  7. Innovations
    1. International tourism
  • Changes in the ways people relate to information
  • The cultural base and the rate of change
  • Cultural lag
  • Revolutionary ideas
    1. Conflict
  • The cold war origin of the internet
    • The pursuit of profit
  • World system theory
  • Responses to economic stagnation


  1. Global economic inequality
    1. High-income countries
    2. Middle-income countries
  • Low-income countries
  1. Is global economic inequality increasing?
  1. Life in rich and poor countries
  1. Health
  2. Hunger, malnutrition and famine
  • Education and Literacy
    1. Can poor countries become rich?
      1. Theories of development
      2. Evaluating theories of development
  • The role of international organizations and global inequality
  1. Global economic inequality in a changing world
  1. World population growth
    1. Population analysis: demography
    2. Dynamics of population change
  • Malthusianism
  1. The demographic transition
  2. Prospects of change

4.                    CRIME AND DEVIANCE

  1. Basic concepts
  2. Explaining crime and deviance: sociological theories
    1. Functionalist Theories
    2. Integrationist theory
  • Conflict theories: ‘the new criminology’
  1. Control theories
  2. Theoretical conclusions
  3. Patterns of crime in Pakistan
    1. Crime and crime statistics
  4. Victims and perpetrators of crime
    1. Gender and crime
    2. Youth and crime
  • White-collar crime
  1. Organized crime
  2. Cyber crime
  1. Prisons: is it the answer to crime?
  2. Conclusion: deviance and social order

List of Readings

  1. Browne, Ken. (2006). Introducing Sociology for AS Level. 2nd Polity Press
  2. Cohen, Stephen Philip. (2005). The Idea of Pakistan. Vanguard Books (pvt.)
  3. Ferrante, Joan. (2003). Sociology: A Global Perspective. 5th Thomson Wadswarth, Australia.

4          Giddens, Anthony. (2006). Sociology. 5th Edition. Polity Press.

  1. Haqqani, Husain. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Vanguard Books (pvt.) Ltd.
  2. Macionis, John J. Sociology. 7th Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
  3. Raza, Rafi. (2001) Pakistan in Perspective: 1947-1997. 1st Oxford University Press
  4. Talha, (2000). Economic Factors in the Making of Pakistan (1921- 1947). Oxford University Press
  5. Chakravarti, Ashok. (2005). Aid, Institutions and Development: New Approaches to Growth. Governance and Poverty. Oxford university Press, New Delhi,
  6. Webster, Andrew. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. Macmillan Education
  7. Craig, Baxter. (2001). Pakistan 2000. Oxford University
  8. Ahmad, Akbar S. (1986). Pakistan Society: Islam, Ethnicity and Leadership in South Asia. Oxford University Press, New
  9. Merton, Robert K. (1961). Contemporary Social Problems. Harcourt, Brace & World,
  10. Neuman, Lawrence. (2000). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Allyn and Bacon.
  11. Hamilton, Malcolm. (20000. The Sociology of Religion. 2nd Routledge, New York
  12. Chaudhry, Iqbal. (1980) Pakistan Society: A Sociological Perspective. Aziz Publishers.
  13. Riterz, George. (1992). Sociological McGraw Hill.

Sociology Test Topics

  • Culture and Identity
  • Families and Households
  • Health
  • Work, Poverty and Welfare
  • Beliefs in Society
  • Global Development
  • The Media
  • Stratification and Differentiation

Eligibility of Sociology Lecturer Post:

  • Master in Sociology at least 2d division.
  • Female age: 21-28 years age 08 years age relaxation.
  • Male age: 21-28 years age 05 years age relaxation.
  • Punjab Domicile.

Sample Paper:



PPSC Syllabus For Sociology Lecturer 2021 Sample Test Pattern

Question’s Answers:

What is the Eligibility of the Job?

Master is required for the application.

What is the passing marks?

passing marks is not matter in this test as the merit base candidate will appoint for jobs.

How I find out my age for application:

Below given complete Process.

If the date of birth of a candidate is 15 August 1970 and the closing date for receipt of application in the PPSC office is 07-02-1998; the age will be calculated as under:

Day Month Year
Closing Date 07 02 1998
Date of Birth
of Candidate
15 08 1970
Age on the closing date: 1+23 08 27

All Pakistani can apply for Job?

No, only Punjab Province or candidate has the domicile of Punjab is eligible for apply.

What is the procedure for the submission of Online Application?

Applicants must Click the above given “ Apply Online” link and fill the application form which shows on the screen.

Does a candidate need to submit hard copies of documents in addition to applying online?

No, the candidate could not need to send a hard copy to the PPSC office. On the other hand, a hard copy is not allowed to send as only an online application is accepted.

What qualification is required in PPSC Lecturer BS-17 Post?

Master’s Degree At least 2nd division in a relevant subject.

How is PPSC merit calculated?

PPSC conducts paper of total 100 marks. The passing score is 40. 50% of marks are calculated in the final merit of PPSC.

What is negative marking in PPSC?

The Paper type is MCQs in PPSC and 1 mark will be given on each correct answer. In case of the wrong answer, 0.50 marks will be deducted.

How age relaxation is given in case of upper age limit?

05 years general age relaxation in upper age limit for Male and 08 years general age relaxation in upper age limit for female.


  1. Candidates who are interested and want to apply they must read the guideline carefully.
  2. To apply for the PPSC Lecturer Jobs aspirants must fulfill the required eligibility criteria.
  3. After meeting the eligibility individuals open the PPSC online portal through this site.
  4. First, you open the PPSC official website and click the Apply Online button.
  5. A new page will appear on the screen. You can select the desired job in this form.
  6. The application form will open on the screen you just fill the application form correctly and click the fill the application form.
  7. On the next page, you have to upload the photograph and CNIC front and Back image.
  8. The photographs must be the size of 25KB. Otherwite it will not be accepted.
  9.  Attach you complete documents required in the application and click the Apply Online button.
  10. Open the PPSC website and scroll down until you find the challan form.
  11. Download the challan form and take print of it.
  12. Fill the challan form and submit it to the designated bank.
  13. Bank Draft or Pay Order or Cheque or any such instrument will not be accepted as fee by the Commission.
  14. After submitting the challan fee you will get the Original Receipt which will be submitted at the time of interview/viva voce.
  15. Medical Fitness Certificate issued by the Medical Superintendent District Head Quarters Hospital or Services Hospital is required.

Interview Questions:

Q: Tell me about yourself?

Q: Are you applying for other jobs?

Q: What experience do you have in this field?

Q: How would your friends and family describe you as a person?

Q: Why did you leave your last job?

Q: Tell me about your weaknesses?

Q: Why do you want to work for this organization?

Q: What do you know about this organization?

Q: What have you done to improve yourself in the last year?

Q: What kind of supervision brings out the best in you?

You Can Learn and Gain more Knowledge through our Online Quiz and Testing system Just Search your desired Preparation subject at Gotest.

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