The Problems of Unemployment Essay Outlines:
- It is a major problem: The number of unemployed people has been increasing year after year. It is around one core at present.
- Different types of unemployment: (a) Educated people in urban areas; who are totally unemployed; (b) agriculturists in the countryside are mostly underemployed; (c) a large number of people with high qualifications are forced to accept jobs not compatible with their talent and caliber.
- Causes of unemployment: (a) Pakistan is an underdeveloped country; (b) lack of technical education and vocational guidance; (c) lack of coordination among educational planning and job-expansion programs; d) gradual decline of cottage industries.
- The tragic effects of unemployment: (a) It breeds frustration; (b) It drives talented people to foreign countries; (c) it is responsible for our poor living standards.
- Other measures to check unemployment: (a) The fast growing population should be checked; (b) our education policy should be revised; (c) our industrial policy also needs recasting; (d) our youth should change their attitude.
The Problems of Unemployment Essay With Outlines
The problem of unemployment is one of our major problems. Our development plans as conceived so far have failed to provide an adequate solution for it. In almost every Five-year Plan, the Government has been giving great importance to the problem of unemployment but in spite of the fact that seven plans have been completed by now, this problem continues to be grave as ever. The backlog of unemployment at the end of the seventh plan was about 10 million.
This figure includes not only matriculates and graduates but also even post-graduates and fully qualified engineers. In fact, over the years, our unemployment problem has become almost intractable.
Unemployment, in Pakistan, is of varying kinds and degrees. A large number of people are completely jobless. They keep knocking about from pillar to post in search of pretty jobs, but wherever they go, they are faced with the relentless ‘no vacancy’ boards. Most of the people in this category are educated and belong to urban areas. However, one- fourth of our unemployed populace get their sustenance from land and they are not completely unemployed. Because of the nature of their work, they have to remain in forced idleness for one-third of the year. Even otherwise, their working hours being confined to mornings and evenings, they waste the rest of their day in idle gossip.
Loss in terms of man – hours suffered thus is colossal indeed. These farmers can be called underemployed or seasonally employed. Finally, there are people who, for want of jobs compatible with their talent and capability, have to accept meagre-salaried clerical jobs since they are not considered unemployed, accurate statistics in their case cannot be made available. However, their number ought to exceed the number of the unemployed.
Pakistan is still an underdeveloped nation. Pakistan is usually described as a rich country inhabited by the poor. It means that Pakistan is rich in natural resources, but they need exploitation. There is still a great scope for expansion on all fronts. Large tracts are still lying barren. They could be brought under cultivation. More dams could be built, more electricity generated. Roads leading to the villages are slushy and dusty; they could be tarred. Villages are still engulfed in darkness at night; they could be electrified. A large number of villages lack basic amenities. They need schools, hospitals, dispensaries, libraries, community centers. All these can provide work to millions.
Lack of technical education and vocational guidance along with a distaste for manual labour is responsible for unemployment or misemployment among the educated people. Our education should have been job-oriented. We produced engineers but did not set up a sufficient number of factories to absorb them. This is what caused unemployment among the engineers. Because of large- scale industrialisation and the introduction of computerised control of various jobs, a good deal of reshuffling has been necessitated. There are jobs with no trained personnel available and there are people with no jobs. The country needs someone with a prophetic vision to assess its future needs accurately and to correlate industrial development with plans for professional training.
Gradual disintegration and extinction of the cottage industry accounts for under-employment among the farmers. Large-scale industry has displaced the cottage industry. Craze for mechanised devices has deprived the villages of much useful work. People also have a lure of machine-made goods. So the cottage industry products do not find a ready market.
Unemployment leads to very tragic consequences. It breeds frustration among some, discontent among the others. It has forced some of the most talented Pakistani scientists to migrate to some foreign countries and settle there permanently. It is responsible for under-nourishment of our children and our poor living standards and poor education and medical facilities. It needs a Herculean effort to solve this problem and we shall have to change our perspective completely in the future plans.
We shall have to revise our educational policy and give entirely different bias to our education. We shall have to un correlate and coordinate our various programs. University syllabi will have to be revised to meet the needs of the country. Our industrial policy also deserves a fresh look. At this juncture of our development, when we are gearing to step into the twenty-first century, it would look ridiculous to argue against large industries. But the government must provide a shield to the cottage industry so that it can continue to provide jobs to millions of our countrymen. The Government is committed to solve the problem and then Seventh Five Year Plan was so designed that the creation of Jobs would gradually be lessened. The same strategy is being persisted within the eighth plan as well. But our unemployed youth also need a change in their attitude. They will have to give up their infatuation with white-collared jobs. God has given everyone the capacity to work and earn more than his daily bread and whoever is ready to use that capacity is sure to find work. No labour is too mean for one who works to earn an honest penny. The only thing is the readiness to use the hands and feet that God has given us.
Related topic: Unemployment among the Educated:
(Intractable – unmanageable; Relentless – strict; Sustenance – means of support; Accentuate – to aggravate; Conspicuous – prominent; Slushy – uneven; Aversion – dislike; Extinction – wiping out of existence; Herculean – huge; Perspective – point of view.)
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