1669: Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
1775: American Revolution: The Mecklenburg Resolves are adopted in the Province of North Carolina.
1902: Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.
1911: The Titanic is launched in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1977: The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System is completed.
2005: Vanity Fair reveals that Mark Felt was “Deep Throat”.
1536: King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
1635: Thirty Years’ War: The Peace of Prague is signed.
1876: Ottoman sultan Abdülaziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murad V.
1961: The long-time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
1974: The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first enters service.
2008: Convention on Cluster Munitions is adopted.
1660: English Restoration: Charles II is restored to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1733: The right of settlers in New France to enslave natives is upheld at Quebec City.
1864: Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico arrives in Mexico for the first time.
1918: Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarabad.
1999: Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.
2004: The National World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1644: Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby.
1830: U.S. President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which relocates Native Americans.
1892: In San Francisco, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1907: The first Isle of Man TT race was held.
1918: The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the First Republic of Armenia declare their independence.
1940: World War II: Belgium surrenders to Nazi Germany to end the Battle of Belgium.
1096: Count Emicho and his Crusader Army entered Mainz and massacred Jews.
1153: Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.
1703: Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
1798: The Battle of Oulart Hill takes place in Wexford, Ireland.
1813: War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
1905: Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
1293: An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 23,000.
1573: The Battle of Haarlemmermeer, a naval engagement in the Dutch War of Independence.
1644: Portuguese Restoration War: Portuguese and Spanish forces both claim victory in the Battle of Montijo.
1783: A Great Jubilee Day held at North Stratford, Connecticut, celebrated the end of fighting in American Revolution.
1821: Establishment of the Peloponnesian Senate by the Greek rebels.
1918: The Democratic Republic of Georgia is established.
1819 : The Argentine Constitution of 1819 is promulgated.
1833: The Chilean Constitution of 1833 is promulgated..
1895: The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Jingsong as its president.
1938: Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante kills 313 people.
1946: The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their Emir.
1986: Hands Across America takes place.
1218: The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt.
1567: Erik XIV of Sweden and his guards murder five incarcerated Swedish nobles.
1621: The Protestant Union is formally dissolved.
1798: The Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins.
1830: “Mary Had a Little Lamb” by Sarah Josepha Hale is published.
1956: The first Eurovision Song Contest is held in Lugano, Switzerland.
1498: Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence, Italy.
1533: The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
1609: Official ratification of the Second Virginia Charter takes place.
1793: Battle of Famars during the Flanders Campaign of the War of the First Coalition.
1829: Accordion patent granted to Cyrill Demian in Vienna, Austrian Empire.
1915: World War I: Italy joins the Allies, fulfilling its part of the Treaty of London.
192: Dong Zhuo is assassinated by his adopted son Lü Bu.
760: Fourteenth recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
1570: The first atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, is published with 70 maps.
1762: Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Hamburg.
1826: HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage.
1939: World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel.
996: Sixteen-year-old Otto III is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1349: Dušan’s Code, the constitution of the Serbian Empire, is enacted by Dušan the Mighty.
1674: The nobility elect John Sobieski King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1703: Daniel Defoe imprisoned on charges of seditious libel.
1851: Slavery is abolished in Colombia, South America.
1998: In Miami, five abortion clinics are attacked by a butyric acid attacker.
1293: King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Estudio de Escuelas de Generales in Alcalá de Henares.
1521: Ignatius of Loyola is seriously wounded in the Battle of Pampeluna.
1775: The controversial Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence is allegedly signed in Charlotte, North Carolina.
1840: York Minster is badly damaged by fire.
1862: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act into law.
1941: World War II: Battle of Crete: German paratroops invade Crete.
715: Pope Gregory II is elected.
1051: Henry I of France is married to Anne of Kiev.
1655: The Invasion of Jamaica begins during the Anglo-Spanish War.
1743: Jean-Pierre Christin developed the centigrade temperature scale.
1802: Napoleon Bonaparte founds the Legion of Honour.
1917: The Norwegian football club Rosenborg BK is founded.
332: Constantine the Great announced free distributions of food to the citizens in Constantinople.
1096: First Crusade: Around 800 Jews are massacred in Worms, Germany.
1291: Fall of Acre, the end of Crusader presence in the Holy Land.
1499: Alonso de Ojeda sets sail from Cádiz on his voyage to what is now Venezuela.
1863: American Civil War: The Siege of Vicksburg begins.
1944: Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government.
1395: Battle of Rovine: The Wallachians defeat an invading Ottoman army.
1521: Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for treason.
1673: Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette begin exploring the Mississippi River.
1792: The New York Stock Exchange is formed under the Buttonwood Agreement.
1875: Aristides wins the first Kentucky Derby.
1900: Second Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking.
1204: Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire.
1532: Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England.
1822: Greek War of Independence: The Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.
1866: The United States Congress establishes the nickel.
1929: In Hollywood, the first Academy Awards ceremony takes place.
1943: The Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends.
221: Liu Bei, Chinese warlord, proclaims himself emperor of Shu Han, the successor of the Han dynasty.
1567: Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, her third husband.
1648: The Treaty of Westphalia is signed.
1718: James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents the world’s first machine gun.
1836: Francis Baily observes “Baily’s beads” during an annular eclipse.
1925: Al-Insaniyyah, the first Arabic communist newspaper, is founded.
1509: Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Republic of Venice.
1608: The Protestant Union is founded.
1610: Henry IV of France is assassinated, bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
1796: Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox inoculation.
1863: American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson takes place.
1925: Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
1373: Julian of Norwich has visions which are later transcribed in her Revelations of Divine Love.
1619:Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after being convicted of treason.
1780: The Cumberland Compact is signed by leaders of the settlers in early Tennessee.
1830: Ecuador gains its independence from Gran Colombia.
1846: Mexican–American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.
1888: With the passage of the Lei Áurea (“Golden Law”), Empire of Brazil abolishes slavery.
1909: The first Giro d’Italia starts from Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna will be the winner.
254: Pope Stephen I succeeds Pope Lucius I as the 23rd pope.
1364: Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, is founded in Kraków, Poland.
1593: London playwright Thomas Kyd is arrested and tortured by the Privy Council for libel.
1784: The Treaty of Paris signed on September 3, 1783, takes effect on this date.
1881: In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
1949: Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts its blockade of Berlin.
912: Alexander becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
1502: Christopher Columbus departs Cádiz on his fourth and final voyage to the Americas.
1672: Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Dutch Republic.
1745: War of the Austrian Succession: French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch–Hanoverian army.
1858: Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. State.
1910: An act of the U.S. Congress establishes Glacier National Park in Montana.
1497: Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World.
1534: Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland.
1774: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette become King and Queen of France.
1824: The National Gallery in London opens to the public.
1865: American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by U.S. troops near Irwinville, Georgia.
1933: Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
1092: Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated.
1450: ‘Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) is assassinated.
1540: Hernando de Alarcón sets sail on an expedition to the Gulf of California.
1763: The Siege of Fort Detroit begins during Pontiac’s War against British forces.
1873: Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
1901: Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
589: Reccared I summons the Third Council of Toledo.
1450: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
1842: A train derails and catches fire in Paris, killing between 52 and 200 people.
1898: The first games of the Italian football league system are played.
1899: The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin produced its first play.
1941: World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches a bombing raid on Nottingham and Derby.
1274: In France, the Second Council of Lyon opens to regulate the election of the Pope.
1487: The Siege of Málaga commences during the Spanish Reconquista.
1664: Louis XIV of France begins construction of the Palace of Versailles.
1685: Battle of Vrtijeljka between rebels and Ottoman forces.
1832: Greece’s independence is recognized by the Treaty of London.
1948: The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress.
1682: Louis XIV of France moves his court to the Palace of Versailles.
1757: The end of Konbaung–Hanthawaddy War, and the end of Burmese Civil War (1740–1757).
1835: James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald.
1861: American Civil War: Arkansas secedes from the Union.
1882: The United States Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act.
1941: At California’s March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show.
126: Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire.
1494: Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain.
1640: King Charles I of England dissolves the Short Parliament.
1762: Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg.
1809: The Swiss canton of Aargau allows citizenship to Jews.
1927: To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf is first published.
1436: Assassination of the Swedish rebel (later national hero) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson.
1686: The Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines.
1836: Formation of Ancient Order of Hibernians.
1869: The Naval Battle of Hakodate is fought in Japan.
1910: The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
1926: The United Kingdom general strike begins.
1294: John II becomes Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg.
1616: Treaty of Loudun ends French civil war.
1802: Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.
1808: Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
1901: The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, Florida.
1920: A Bolshevik coup fails in the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
1230: William de Braose is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.
1230: William de Braose is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.
1230: William de Braose is hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.
1920: The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis.
1994: A bus crashes in Gdańsk, Poland killing 32 people.
2014: Two mudslides in Badakhshan, Afghanistan, leave up to 2,500 people missing.
1455: Battle of Arkinholm, Royal forces end the Black Douglas hegemony in Scotland.
1759: Josiah Wedgwood founds the Wedgwood pottery company in Great Britain.
1840: The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, is issued in the United Kingdom.
1875: Alexandra Palace reopens after being burned down in a fire in 1873.
1946: Start of three-year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
2011: War on Terror: Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden is shot and killed by U.S. Navy seals.