Today in History July

Today In History
31st July:

1913: The Balkan States sign an armistice in Bucharest.

1971: Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.

1987: A tornado occurs in Edmonton, Canada.

1992: The nation of Georgia joins the United Nations.

2006: Fidel Castro hands over power to his brother, Raúl.

2014: Gas explosions in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung kill at least 20 people and injure more than 270.

30th July:

1729: Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.

1930: In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first FIFA World Cup.

1980: Vanuatu gains independence.

1980: Israel’s Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law.

2012: A power grid failure in Delhi leaves more than 300 million people without power in northern India.

2014: One hundred and fifty people are trapped after a landslide in Maharashtra, India; 20 are killed.

29th July:

1851: Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.

1858: United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.

1914: The Cape Cod Canal opened.

1957: The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.

2005: Astronomers announce their discovery of the dwarf planet Eris.

2015: Microsoft releases Windows 10.

28th July:

1821: José de San Martín declares the independence of Peru from Spain.

1915: The United States begins a 19-year occupation of Haiti.

1974: Spetsgruppa A, Russia’s elite special force, was formed.

1957: Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kills 992.

1960: The German Volkswagen Act came into force.

2005: The Provisional Irish Republican Army calls an end to its thirty-year-long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.

27th July:

1549: The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier’s ship reaches Japan.

1689: Glorious Revolution: The Battle of Killiecrankie ends.

1694: A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.

1990: The Jamaat al Muslimeen attempt a coup d’état in Trinidad and Tobago.

1995: The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

1997: About 50 people are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.

26th July:

1847: Liberia declares its independence.

1882: The Republic of Stellaland is founded in Southern Africa.

1957: Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated.

1958: Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched.

2016: The Sagamihara stabbings occur in Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. 19 people are killed.

2016: Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.

25th July:

1547: Henry II of France is crowned.

1593: Henry IV of France publicly converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.

1722: Dummer’s War begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.

1814: War of 1812: An American attack on Canada is repulsed.

1996: In a military coup in Burundi, Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.

2007 – Pratibha Patil is sworn in as India’s first female president.

24th July:

1793: Kingdom of Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.

1885: President Ulysses S. Grant dies of throat cancer

1903: The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.

1908: The Second Constitution accepted by the Ottomans.

1999: ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.

2015: NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.

23rd July:

1840: The Province of Canada is created by the Act of Union.

1862: American Civil War: Henry Halleck takes command of the Union Army.

1962: The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.

1999: ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.

2005: Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.

2015: NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.


1443: Battle of St. Jakob an der Sihl in the Old Zürich War.

1943: World War II: Allied forces capture Palermo during the Allied invasion of Sicily.

1963: Crown Colony of Sarawak gains self-governance.

1977: Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.

1983: Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.

2013: A series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others.

21st July:

1831: Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.

1949: The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.

1977: The start of the four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War.

2005: July 2005 London bombings occur.

2008: Ram Baran Yadav is declared the first president of Nepal.

2012: Erden Eruç completes the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.

20th July:

1189: Richard I of England officially invested as Duke of Normandy.

1799: Tekle Giyorgis I begins his first of six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.

1810: Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada declare independence from Spain.

1992: Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.

2005: The Civil Marriage Act legalizes same-sex marriage in Canada.

2015: The United States and Cuba resume full diplomatic relations after five decades.

19th July:

1870: Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.

1900: The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.

1903: Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.

1985: The Val di Stava dam collapses killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.

1989: United Airlines Flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 111.

1992: A car bomb kills Judge Paolo Borsellino and five members of his escort

18th July:

1806: A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.

1812: The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.

1841: Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.

1925: Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.

1968: Intel is founded in Mountain View, California.

2013: The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.

17 July:

1762: Catherine II becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia.

1902: Willis Carrier creates the first air conditioner in Buffalo, New York.

1955: Disneyland is dedicated and opened by Walt Disney in Anaheim, California.

1976: East Timor is annexed, and becomes the 27th province of Indonesia.

2001: Concorde is brought back into service nearly a year after the July 2000 crash.

2015: At least 120 people are killed and 130 injured by a suicide bombing in Diyala Province, Iraq.

16th July:

1931: Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.

1935: The world’s first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

1950: Chaplain–Medic massacre: American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.

1951: King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates in favor of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.

1979: Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.

1983: Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.

15th July:

1815: Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders aboard HMS Bellerophon.

1823: A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome, Italy.

1834: The Spanish Inquisition is officially disbanded after nearly 356 years.

2006: Twitter is launched, becoming one of the largest social media platforms in the world.

2014: A train derails on the Moscow Metro, killing at least 24 and injuring more than 160 others.

2016: Factions of the Turkish Armed Forces attempt a coup.

14th July:

1881: Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.

1933: Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.

1950: Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.

1976: Capital punishment is abolished in Canada.

2003: Hurricane Claudette gathers strength over the Gulf of Mexico and heads for the Texas coast, killing 2 people.

2016: A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France kills 86 civilians and injures over 400 others.

13th July:

1573: Eighty Years’ War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.

1814: The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established.

1956: The Dartmouth workshop is the first conference on artificial intelligence.

1977: Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ogaden War.

2011: Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.

2013: Typhoon Soulik kills at least nine people and affects more than 160 million in East China and Taiwan.

12th July:

1470: The Ottomans capture Euboea.

1561: Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated.

1967: Riots begin in Newark, New Jersey.

1971: The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.

2006: The 2006 Lebanon War begins.

2012: A tank truck explosion kills more than 100 people in Okobie, Nigeria.

11th July:

1576: Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.

1616: Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.

1914: Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball.

1914: USS Nevada (BB-36) is launched.

1995: Yugoslav Wars: Srebrenica massacre begins; lasts until 22 July.

2006: Mumbai train bombings: Two hundred nine people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

10th July:

1086: King Canute IV of Denmark is killed by rebellious peasants.

1553: Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.

1645: English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.

2007: Erden Eruç begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.

2011: Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sinks in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, causing 122 deaths.

2017: Iraqi Civil War: Mosul is declared fully liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

9th July:

1401: Timur attacks the Jalairid Sultanate and destroys Baghdad.

1790: The Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian Baltic fleet.

1816: Argentina declares independence from Spain.

1877: The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.

1962: Starfish Prime tests the effects of a nuclear test at orbital altitudes.

2011: South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

8th July:

1853: The Perry Expedition arrives in Edo Bay with a treaty requesting trade.

1859: King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.

1889: The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.

1937: Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.

1972: Israeli Mossad assassinate Palestinian writer Ghassan Kanafani.

2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.

7th July:

1915: The First Battle of the Isonzo comes to an end.

1941: The American occupation of Iceland replaces the British occupation.

1941: World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.

2007: The first Live Earth benefit concert was held in 11 locations around the world.

2012: At least 172 people are killed in a flash flood in the Krasnodar Krai region of Russia.

2013: A De Havilland Otter air taxi crashes in Soldotna, Alaska, killing ten people.

6th July:

1865: The first issue of The Nation magazine is published.

1944: Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court-martial.

1964: Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom.

1967: Nigerian Civil War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.

1975: The Comoros declares independence from France.

2013: At least 42 people are killed in a shooting at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.

5th July:

1775: The Second Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.

1884: Germany takes possession of Cameroon.

1945: World War II: The liberation of the Philippines is declared.

1975: Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.

2004: The first Indonesian presidential election is held.

2016: The Juno space probe arrives at Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.

4th July:

1534: Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.

1584: Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrive at Roanoke Island.

1803: The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.

1997: NASA’s Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.

2005: The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.

2009: The first of four days of bombings begins on the southern Philippine island group of Mindanao.

3rd July:

1608: Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.

1852: Congress establishes the United States’ 2nd mint in San Francisco.

1952: The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the United States Congress.

1970: The Troubles: The “Falls Curfew” begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1995: Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party wins the general elections and is restored to power after being in opposition for 15 years.

1996: Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland.

2nd July:

1644: English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.

1890: The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.

1962: The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.

2001: The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is first implanted.

2010: The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.

2013: The International Astronomical Union names Pluto’s fourth and fifth moons, Kerberos and Styx.

1st July:

1972: The first Gay pride march in England takes place.

1976: Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.

1984: The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.

2006: The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway in China.

2007: Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.

2013: Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.

Today in History July Month Complete