|Today In History|
1913: The Balkan States sign an armistice in Bucharest.
1971: Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
1987: A tornado occurs in Edmonton, Canada.
1992: The nation of Georgia joins the United Nations.
2006: Fidel Castro hands over power to his brother, Raúl.
2014: Gas explosions in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung kill at least 20 people and injure more than 270.
1729: Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.
1930: In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first FIFA World Cup.
1980: Vanuatu gains independence.
1980: Israel’s Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law.
2012: A power grid failure in Delhi leaves more than 300 million people without power in northern India.
2014: One hundred and fifty people are trapped after a landslide in Maharashtra, India; 20 are killed.
1851: Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
1858: United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
1914: The Cape Cod Canal opened.
1957: The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.
2005: Astronomers announce their discovery of the dwarf planet Eris.
2015: Microsoft releases Windows 10.
1821: José de San Martín declares the independence of Peru from Spain.
1915: The United States begins a 19-year occupation of Haiti.
1974: Spetsgruppa A, Russia’s elite special force, was formed.
1957: Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyushu, Japan, kills 992.
1960: The German Volkswagen Act came into force.
2005: The Provisional Irish Republican Army calls an end to its thirty-year-long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
1549: The Jesuit priest Francis Xavier’s ship reaches Japan.
1689: Glorious Revolution: The Battle of Killiecrankie ends.
1694: A Royal charter is granted to the Bank of England.
1990: The Jamaat al Muslimeen attempt a coup d’état in Trinidad and Tobago.
1995: The Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1997: About 50 people are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.
1847: Liberia declares its independence.
1882: The Republic of Stellaland is founded in Southern Africa.
1957: Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated.
1958: Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched.
2016: The Sagamihara stabbings occur in Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. 19 people are killed.
2016: Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.
1547: Henry II of France is crowned.
1593: Henry IV of France publicly converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
1722: Dummer’s War begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.
1814: War of 1812: An American attack on Canada is repulsed.
1996: In a military coup in Burundi, Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.
2007 – Pratibha Patil is sworn in as India’s first female president.
1793: Kingdom of Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.
1885: President Ulysses S. Grant dies of throat cancer
1903: The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
1908: The Second Constitution accepted by the Ottomans.
1999: ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.
2015: NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.
1840: The Province of Canada is created by the Act of Union.
1862: American Civil War: Henry Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
1962: The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.
1999: ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.
2005: Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.
2015: NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.
1443: Battle of St. Jakob an der Sihl in the Old Zürich War.
1943: World War II: Allied forces capture Palermo during the Allied invasion of Sicily.
1963: Crown Colony of Sarawak gains self-governance.
1977: Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
1983: Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
2013: A series of earthquakes in Dingxi, China, kills at least 89 people and injures more than 500 others.
1831: Inauguration of Leopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
1949: The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
1977: The start of the four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War.
2005: July 2005 London bombings occur.
2008: Ram Baran Yadav is declared the first president of Nepal.
2012: Erden Eruç completes the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
1189: Richard I of England officially invested as Duke of Normandy.
1799: Tekle Giyorgis I begins his first of six reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.
1810: Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada declare independence from Spain.
1992: Václav Havel resigns as president of Czechoslovakia.
2005: The Civil Marriage Act legalizes same-sex marriage in Canada.
2015: The United States and Cuba resume full diplomatic relations after five decades.
1870: Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
1900: The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
1903: Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
1985: The Val di Stava dam collapses killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
1989: United Airlines Flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 111.
1992: A car bomb kills Judge Paolo Borsellino and five members of his escort
1806: A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.
1812: The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.
1841: Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.
1925: Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.
1968: Intel is founded in Mountain View, California.
2013: The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
1762: Catherine II becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia.
1902: Willis Carrier creates the first air conditioner in Buffalo, New York.
1955: Disneyland is dedicated and opened by Walt Disney in Anaheim, California.
1976: East Timor is annexed, and becomes the 27th province of Indonesia.
2001: Concorde is brought back into service nearly a year after the July 2000 crash.
2015: At least 120 people are killed and 130 injured by a suicide bombing in Diyala Province, Iraq.
1931: Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
1935: The world’s first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
1950: Chaplain–Medic massacre: American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.
1951: King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates in favor of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
1979: Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
1983: Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
1815: Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders aboard HMS Bellerophon.
1823: A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome, Italy.
1834: The Spanish Inquisition is officially disbanded after nearly 356 years.
2006: Twitter is launched, becoming one of the largest social media platforms in the world.
2014: A train derails on the Moscow Metro, killing at least 24 and injuring more than 160 others.
2016: Factions of the Turkish Armed Forces attempt a coup.
1881: Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
1933: Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1950: Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.
1976: Capital punishment is abolished in Canada.
2003: Hurricane Claudette gathers strength over the Gulf of Mexico and heads for the Texas coast, killing 2 people.
2016: A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France kills 86 civilians and injures over 400 others.
1573: Eighty Years’ War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
1814: The Carabinieri, the national gendarmerie of Italy, is established.
1956: The Dartmouth workshop is the first conference on artificial intelligence.
1977: Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ogaden War.
2011: Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130.
2013: Typhoon Soulik kills at least nine people and affects more than 160 million in East China and Taiwan.
1470: The Ottomans capture Euboea.
1561: Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow is consecrated.
1967: Riots begin in Newark, New Jersey.
1971: The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.
2006: The 2006 Lebanon War begins.
2012: A tank truck explosion kills more than 100 people in Okobie, Nigeria.
1576: Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
1616: Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
1914: Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball.
1914: USS Nevada (BB-36) is launched.
1995: Yugoslav Wars: Srebrenica massacre begins; lasts until 22 July.
2006: Mumbai train bombings: Two hundred nine people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
1086: King Canute IV of Denmark is killed by rebellious peasants.
1553: Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
1645: English Civil War: The Battle of Langport takes place.
2007: Erden Eruç begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
2011: Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sinks in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, causing 122 deaths.
2017: Iraqi Civil War: Mosul is declared fully liberated from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
1401: Timur attacks the Jalairid Sultanate and destroys Baghdad.
1790: The Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian Baltic fleet.
1816: Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1877: The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
1962: Starfish Prime tests the effects of a nuclear test at orbital altitudes.
2011: South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.
1853: The Perry Expedition arrives in Edo Bay with a treaty requesting trade.
1859: King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway.
1889: The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published.
1937: Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan sign the Treaty of Saadabad.
1972: Israeli Mossad assassinate Palestinian writer Ghassan Kanafani.
2011: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched in the final mission of the U.S. Space Shuttle program.
1915: The First Battle of the Isonzo comes to an end.
1941: The American occupation of Iceland replaces the British occupation.
1941: World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
2007: The first Live Earth benefit concert was held in 11 locations around the world.
2012: At least 172 people are killed in a flash flood in the Krasnodar Krai region of Russia.
2013: A De Havilland Otter air taxi crashes in Soldotna, Alaska, killing ten people.
1865: The first issue of The Nation magazine is published.
1944: Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court-martial.
1964: Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom.
1967: Nigerian Civil War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.
1975: The Comoros declares independence from France.
2013: At least 42 people are killed in a shooting at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.
1775: The Second Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
1884: Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
1945: World War II: The liberation of the Philippines is declared.
1975: Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.
2004: The first Indonesian presidential election is held.
2016: The Juno space probe arrives at Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.
1534: Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.
1584: Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrive at Roanoke Island.
1803: The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
1997: NASA’s Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
2005: The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
2009: The first of four days of bombings begins on the southern Philippine island group of Mindanao.
1608: Québec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.
1852: Congress establishes the United States’ 2nd mint in San Francisco.
1952: The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the United States Congress.
1970: The Troubles: The “Falls Curfew” begins in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1995: Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party wins the general elections and is restored to power after being in opposition for 15 years.
1996: Stone of Scone is returned to Scotland.
1644: English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
1890: The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1962: The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas.
2001: The AbioCor self-contained artificial heart is first implanted.
2010: The South Kivu tank truck explosion in the Democratic Republic of the Congo kills at least 230 people.
2013: The International Astronomical Union names Pluto’s fourth and fifth moons, Kerberos and Styx.
1972: The first Gay pride march in England takes place.
1976: Portugal grants autonomy to Madeira.
1984: The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.
2006: The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway in China.
2007: Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces.
2013: Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.
|Today in History July Month Complete|