Today in History August

Today In History
31st August:

1218: Al-Kamil becomes sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty.

1314: King Haakon V of Norway moves the capital from Bergen to Oslo.

1652: Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga, Italian nobleman wass born.

1895: German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his navigable balloon.

1962: Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.

2016: Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff is impeached and removed from office.

30th August:

1282: Peter III of Aragon lands at Trapani to intervene in the War of the Sicilian Vespers.

1574: Guru Ram Das becomes the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.

1912: Nancy Wake, New Zealand-English captain was born.

1940: The Second Vienna Award reassigns the territory of Northern Transylvania from Romania to Hungary.

2013: Leo Lewis, American football player and coach was died.

29th August:

1609: Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.

1619: Election of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.

1845: The first issue of Scientific American magazine is published.

1937: Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.

1990: Iraq declares Kuwait to be its newest province.

1990: An F5 tornado strikes the Illinois cities of Plainfield and Joliet, killing 29 people.

28th August:

1828: Brazil and Argentina recognize the sovereignty of Uruguay in the Treaty of Montevideo.

1933: The first Afrikaans Bible is introduced during a Bible Festival in Bloemfontein.

1939: First flight of the turbojet-powered Heinkel He 178, the world’s first jet aircraft.

1962: The Mariner 2 unmanned space mission is launched to Venus by NASA.

2011: Hurricane Irene strikes the United States east coast, killing 47 and causing an estimated $15.6 billion in damage.

27th August:

1557: The Battle of St. Quentin results in Emmanuel Philibert becoming Duke of Savoy.

1933: The first Afrikaans Bible is introduced during a Bible Festival in Bloemfontein.

1985: The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General Ibrahim Babangida.

2003: Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles.

26th August:

1071: The Seljuq Turks defeat the Byzantine army at the Battle of Manzikert, and soon gain control of most of Anatolia.

1542: Francisco de Orellana navigated the Amazon River, reaching the Atlantic Ocean.

1768: Captain James Cook sets sail from England on board HMS Endeavour.

1778: The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.

2015: Two U.S. journalists are shot and killed by a disgruntled former coworker while conducting a live report in Moneta, Virginia.

25th August:

1270: King Louis IX of France dies in Tunis while on the Eighth Crusade.

1825: Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.

1914: World War I: Japan declares war on Austria-Hungary.

1916: The United States National Park Service is created.

1981: Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn.

2012: Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.

24th August:

1456: The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.

1820: Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal.

1914: World War I: German troops capture Namur.

1944: World War II: Allied troops begin the attack on Paris.

1991: Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.

1995: Microsoft Windows 95 was released to the public in North America.

23rd August:

1328: Battle of Cassel: French troops stop an uprising of Flemish farmers.

1703: Edirne event: Sultan Mustafa II of the Ottoman Empire is dethroned.

1799: Napoleon I of France leaves Egypt for France en route to seizing power.

1914: World War I: Japan declares war on Germany.

1944: World War II: Marseille is liberated by the Allies.

2013: A riot at the Palmasola prison complex in Santa Cruz, Bolivia kills 31 people.

22nd August:

1791: Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue, Haiti.

1851: The first America’s Cup is won by the yacht America.

1941: World War II: German troops begin the Siege of Leningrad.

1941: World War II: German troops begin the Siege of Leningrad.

1962: The OAS attempts to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle.

1972: Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.

21st August:

1852: Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.

1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen by Vincenzo Perugia, a Louvre employee.

1918: World War I: The Second Battle of the Somme begins.

1944: Dumbarton Oaks Conference, prelude to the United Nations, begins.

1991: Coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev collapses.

2017: A solar eclipse traverses the continental United States.

20th August:

1648: Battle of Lens: French Duc d’Enghien defeats Spaniards

1866: President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over.

1977: Voyager program: NASA launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.

1988: Iran–Iraq War: A ceasefire is agreed after almost eight years of war.

1995: The Firozabad rail disaster claimed 358 lives in Firozabad, India.

2012: A prison riot in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, kills at least 20 people.

19th August:

1861: First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.

1909: The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

1940: First flight of the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.

1978: In Iran, Cinema Rex fire caused more than 400 deaths.

2009: A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others.

2013: The Dhamara Ghat train accident kills at least 37 people in the Indian state of Bihar.

18th August:

1868: French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium.

1923: First British Track & Field championships for women, London

1971: Vietnam War: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam.

2008: President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf resigns under threat of impeachment.

2008: War of Afghanistan: Uzbin Valley ambush occurs.

2017: The first terrorist attack ever sentenced as a crime in Finland kills two and injures eight.

17th August:

1668: A magnitude 8.0 earthquake causes 8,000 deaths in Anatolia, Ottoman Empire.

1827: Dutch King William I and Pope Leo XII sign concord

1918: Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated.

1962: Peter Fechter is shot and bleeds to death while trying to cross the new Berlin Wall.

2005: The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of Israeli disengagement from Gaza, starts.

2017: Barcelona attacks: A van is driven into pedestrians in La Rambla, killing 14 and injuring at least 100.

16th August:

1859: The Grand Duchy of Tuscany formally deposes the exiled House of Lorraine.

1913: Completion of the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary.

1930: The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.

1954: The first issue of Sports Illustrated is published.

1960: Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

2017: Minamata Convention on Mercury entered into force.

15th August:

1430: Francesco Sforza, lord of Milan, conquers Lucca.

1537: Asunción, Paraguay is founded.

1920: Polish–Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, so-called Miracle at the Vistula.

1944: World War II: Operation Dragoon: Allied forces land in southern France.

1947: India gains Independence from British rule after near 190 years of Crown rule and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.

1947: Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor-General of Pakistan in Karachi.

14th August:

1901: The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.

1947: Pakistan gains Independence from the British Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.

1969: Operation Banner: British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland.

1971: Bahrain declares independence as the State of Bahrain.

2003: A widescale power blackout affects the northeast United States and Canada.

2007: The Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 334 people.

13th August:

1624: The French king Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu as prime minister.

1905: Norwegians vote to end the union with Sweden.

1937: Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Shanghai begins.

1960: The Central African Republic declares independence from France.

2008: Russo-Georgian War: Russian units occupy the Georgian city of Gori.

2015: At least 76 people are killed and 212 others are wounded in a truck bombing in Baghdad, Iraq.

12th August:

1851: Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.

1944: Waffen-SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant’Anna di Stazzema.

1960: Echo 1A, NASA’s first successful communications satellite, is launched.

1977: The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.

1981: The IBM Personal Computer is released.

2015: At least two massive explosions kill 173 people and injure nearly 800 more in Tianjin, China.

11th August:

1804: Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.1804 – Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.

1918: World War I: The Battle of Amiens ends.

1960: Chad declares independence.

1965: Race riots (the Watts Riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.

1972: Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam.

2003: Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.

10th August:

1856: The Last Island hurricane strikes Louisiana, resulting in over 200 deaths.

1905: Russo-Japanese War: Peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

1971: The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.

2003: The Okinawa Monorail is opened in Naha, Okinawa.

2012: The Marikana massacre begins near Rustenburg, South Africa, resulting in the deaths of 47 people.

2014: Forty people are killed when Sepahan Airlines Flight 5915 crashes at Tehran’s Mehrabad Airport.

9th August:

1854: Henry David Thoreau publishes Walden.

1892: Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.

1896: Glider pioneer Otto Lilienthal dies in a fatal crash.

1930: Betty Boop makes her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.

1945: The Red Army invades Japanese-occupied Manchuria.

1993: The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.

8th August:

1969: The Manson Family commits the Tate murders.

1991: The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.

2008: The 29th Olympic Games opened in Beijing, China.

2010: China Floods: A mudslide in Zhugqu County, Gansu, China, kills more than 1,400 people.

2013: A suicide bombing at a funeral in the Pakistani city of Quetta kills at least 31 people.

2015: Eight people are killed in a shooting in Harris County, Texas.

7th August:

1789: The United States Department of War is established.

1879: The opening of the Poor Man’s Palace in Manchester, England.

1938: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.

1960: Ivory Coast becomes independent from France.

1976: Viking program: Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.

2008: The start of the Russo-Georgian War over the territory of South Ossetia.

6th August:

1861: The United Kingdom annexes Lagos, Nigeria.

1914: World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.

1965: US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.

1997: Korean Air Flight 801 crashed at Nimitz Hill, Guam killing 228 of 254 people on board.

2012: NASA’s Curiosity rover lands on the surface of Mars.

2015: A suicide bomb attack kills at least 15 people at a mosque in the Saudi city of Abha.

5th August:

1781: The Battle of Dogger Bank takes place.

1882: The Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.

1914: In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.

1962: Apartheid: Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.

1973: Mars 6 is launched from the USSR

2003: A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.

4th August:

1824: The Battle of Kos is fought between Turkish and Greek forces.

1924: Diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union are established.

1947: The Supreme Court of Japan is established.

1958: Billboard charts publishes its first Hot 100 chart.

1984: The Republic of Upper Volta changes its name to Burkina Faso.

2007: NASA’s Phoenix spacecraft is launched.

3rd August:

1057: Frederik van Lotharingen elected as first Belgian Pope Stephen IX.

1795: Treaty of Greenville is signed, ending the Northwest Indian War in the Ohio Country.

1940: World War II: Italian forces begin the invasion of British Somaliland.

1972: The United States Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

2004: The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11 attacks.

2014: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake kills at least 617 people and injures more than 2,400 in Yunnan, China.

2nd August:

1776: The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence took place.

1790: The first United States Census is conducted.

1945: World War II: End of the Potsdam Conference.

1990: Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War.

1999: The Gaisal train disaster claims 285 lives in Assam, India.

2014: At least 146 people were killed and more than 114 injured in a factory explosion in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China.

1st August:

1964: The former Belgian Congo is renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

1968: The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.

1980: A train crash kills 18 people in County Cork, Ireland.

2004: A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 others in Asunción, Paraguay.

2008: The Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway begins operation as the fastest commuter rail system in the world.

2017: A suicide attack on a mosque in Heart, Afghanistan kills 20 people.

Today in History August Month Complete