Today in History April

Today In History

30th April:

1557: Mapuche leader Lautaro is killed by Spanish forces at the Battle of Mataquito in Chile.

1803: Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and politician, 10th Minister President of Prussia was died.

1812: The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.

1905: Albert Einstein completes his doctoral thesis at the University of Zurich.

2012: An overloaded ferry capsizes on the Brahmaputra River in India killing at least 103 people.

29th April:

1483: Gran Canaria, the main island of the Canary Islands, is conquered by the Kingdom of


1861: American Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.

1945: Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.

1970: Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.

2011: The Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton takes place at Westminster Abbey in London.

2013: A powerful explosion occurs in an office building in Prague, believed to have been caused by natural gas, injures 43 people.

28th April:

1788: Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1881: Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1923: Wembley Stadium is opened, named initially as the Empire Stadium.

1952: Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO.

1978: President of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.

2015: The National Football League announces it is giving up its tax-exempt status.

27th April:

1521: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan is killed by natives in the Philippines led by chief Lapu-Lapu.

1565: Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines.

1861: American President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.

1906: The State Duma of the Russian Empire meets for the first time.

1961: Sierra Leone is granted its independence from the United Kingdom, with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister.

2012: At least four explosions hit the Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk with at least 27 people injured.

26th April:

1607: English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia.

1903: Atletico Madrid Association football club is founded.

1933: The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established.

1962: NASA’s Ranger 4 spacecraft crashes into the Moon.

1989: People’s Daily publishes the April 26 Editorial which inflames the nascent Tiananmen Square protests.

1994: China Airlines Flight 140 crashes at Nagoya Airport in Japan, killing 264 of the 271 people on board.

25th April:

1792: Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.

1804: The western Georgian kingdom of Imereti accepts the suzerainty of the Russian Empire.

1901: New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates.

1944: The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.

1954: The first practical solar cell is publicly demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories.

2005: Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union.

24th April:

1704: The first regular newspaper in British Colonial America, The Boston News-Letter, is published.

1913: The Woolworth Building, a skyscraper in New York City, is opened.

1953: Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

1963: Marriage of HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent to the Hon Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London.

2013: A building collapses near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring 2,500 others.

23rd April:

1014: High King of Ireland Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.

1635: The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston.

1914: First baseball game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park, in Chicago.

1946: Manuel Roxas is elected the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

1990: Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

2005: The first ever YouTube video, titled “Me at the zoo”, was published by user “jawed”.

22nd April:

1500: Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil.

1948: Arab–Israeli War: Haifa, a major port of Israel, is captured from Arab forces.

1997: Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria where 93 villagers are killed.

2005: Japan’s Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi apologizes for Japan’s war record.

2016: The Paris Agreement is signed, an agreement to help fight global warming.

21st April:

1092: The Diocese of Pisa is elevated to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese by Pope Urban II.

1806: A French frigate escapes British forces off the coast of South Africa.

1938: Muhammad Iqbal, Indian-Pakistani philosopher and poet was died.

1948: United Nations Security Council Resolution 47 relating to Kashmir conflict is adopted.

1965: The 1964–1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its second and final season.

2004: Five suicide car bombers target police stations in and around Basra, killing 74 people and wounding 160.

20th April:

1653: Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament.

1800: The Septinsular Republic is established.

1836: U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.

1908: Opening day of competition in the New South Wales Rugby League.

1968: English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

2008: Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

19th April:

1506: The Lisbon Massacre begins, in which accused Jews are being slaughtered by Portuguese Catholics.

1770: Marie Antoinette marries Louis XVI of France in a proxy wedding.

1839: The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom and guarantees its neutrality.

1973: The Portuguese Socialist Party is founded in the German town of Bad Münstereifel.

2005: Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is elected to the papacy and becomes Pope Benedict XVI.

2011: Fidel Castro resigns as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba after holding the title since July 1961.

18th April:

1025: Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.

1831: The University of Alabama is founded in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

1858: Alexander Shirvanzade, Armenian playwright and author was born.

1942: Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France.

1983: A suicide bomber in Lebanon destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, killing 63 people.

2013: A suicide bombing in a Baghdad cafe kills 27 people and injures another 65.

17th April:

1362: Kaunas Castle falls to the Teutonic Order after a month-long siege.

1524: Giovanni da Verrazzano reaches New York harbor.

1912: Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150 people.

1915: Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan politician, 6th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka was born.

1951: The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom’s first National Park.

2014: Karpal Singh, Malaysian lawyer and politician was died.

16th April:

1495: Petrus Apianus, German mathematician and astronomer was born.

1989: Upon Hu Yaobang’s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in China.

1853: The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.

1990: “Doctor Death”, Jack Kevorkian, participates in his first assisted suicide.

1908: Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah.

2013: The 2013 Baga massacre is started when Boko Haram militants engage government soldiers in Baga.

15th April:

1755: Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language is published in London.

1861: President Abraham Lincoln calls for 75,000 Volunteers to quell the insurrection that soon became the American Civil War.

1892: The General Electric Company is formed.

1907: Triangle Fraternity is founded at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

1923: Insulin becomes generally available for use by people with diabetes.

1989: Upon Hu Yaobang’s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in China.

14th April:

1028: Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected King of Germany.

1434: The foundation stone of Nantes Cathedral, France is laid.

1881: The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight is fought in El Paso, Texas.

1927: The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.

1981: The first operational Space Shuttle, Columbia completes its first test flight.

2014: Two hundred seventy-six schoolgirls are abducted by Boko Haram in Chibok, Nigeria.

13rd April:

1829: The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 gives Roman Catholics in the United Kingdom the right to vote and to sit in Parliament.

1865: American Civil War: Raleigh, North Carolina is occupied by Union Forces.

1919: The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea is established.

1953: CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program Project MKUltra.

1987: Portugal and China sign an agreement in which Macau would be returned to China in.

1997: Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.

12th April:

1167: King Karl Sverkersson of Sweden is murdered on Visingso.

1606: The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of English and Scottish ships.

1877: The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.

1955: The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.

2009: Zimbabwe officially abandons the Zimbabwean dollar as its official currency.

2017: Zuma Must Fall protests resume in South Africa, with Julius Malema addressing large crowds in Pretoria.

11th April:

1876: The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is organized.

1909: The city of Tel Aviv is founded.

1957: United Kingdom agrees to Singaporean self-rule.

1979: Ugandan dictator Idi Amin is deposed.

2002: The Ghriba synagogue bombing by al-Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.

2011: An explosion in the Minsk Metro, Belarus kills 15 people and injures 204 others.

10th April:

1710: The Statute of Anne, the first law regulating copyright, comes into force in Great Britain.

1816: The Federal government of the United States approves the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.

1872: The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.

1957: The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.

1998: The Good Friday Agreement is signed in Northern Ireland.

9th April:

1241: Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeat the Polish and German armies.

1440: Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.

1609: Philip III of Spain issues the decree of the “Expulsion of the Moriscos”.

1909: The U.S. Congress passes the Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act.

1967: The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.

2017: Palm Sunday church bombings at Coptic Churches in Tanta and Alexandria take place.

8th April:

1093: The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.

1730: Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated.

1820: The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Milos.

1866: Italy and Prussia ally against the Austrian Empire.

1908: Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.

1950: India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat–Nehru Pact.

7th April:

1141: Empress Matilda became the first female ruler of England, adopting the title ‘Lady of the English’.

1789: Selim III became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1906: Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.

1948: The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.

1990: A fire breaks out on the passenger ferry Scandinavian Star, killing 159 people.

2003: U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.

6th April:

1327: The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.

1712: The New York Slave Revolt of 1712 begins near Broadway.

1841: U.S. President John Tyler is sworn in, two days after having become President upon William Henry Harrison’s death.

1893: Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff.

2010: Maoist rebels kill 76 CRPF officers in Dantewada district, India.

5th April:

1614: In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.

1722: The Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island.

1879: Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.

1946: Soviet troops end their year-long occupation of the Danish island of Bornholm.

2010: Twenty-nine coal miners are killed in an explosion at the Upper Big Branch Mine in West Virginia.

4th April:

1077: The first Parliament of Friuli is created.

1885: Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.

1973: Martin Cooper of Motorola makes the first handheld mobile phone call to Joel S. Engel of Bell Labs.

2010: Apple Inc. released the first generation iPad, a tablet computer.

2017: A bomb explodes in the St Petersburg metro system, killing 14 and injuring several more people.

3rd April:

1792: The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.

1851: Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand.

1885: Canadian Cree warriors attack the village of Frog Lake, killing nine.

1911: The Australian Bureau of Statistics conducts the country’s first national census.

1976: Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.

1992: Forty-two civilians were massacred in the town of Bijeljina.

2nd April:

1513: Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León first sights land in what is now the United States state of Florida.

1792: The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.

1885: Canadian Cree warriors attack the village of Frog Lake, killing nine.

1911: The Australian Bureau of Statistics conducts the country’s first national census.

1973: Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service.

2012: A mass shooting at Oikos University in California leaves seven people dead and three injured.

1st April:

1293: Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.

1318: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by Scotland from England.

1545: Potosí is founded after the discovery of huge silver deposits in the area.

1854: Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household Words.

1891: The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.

1893: The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.

Today in History April Month Complete