|Today In History|
1876: Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), over 200,000 killed.
158: Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
1864: Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
1918: Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
1984: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down outside of her home by Sikh extremists.
2011: The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations
2013: Researchers in Vietnam completed a two-year project to use nanotechnology to produce Nano Curcumin, a substance that can help treat cancer
1534: English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church in England – a role formerly held by the Pope.
1817: Simon Bolivar becomes President of the Third Republic of Venezuela.
1899: Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
1953: General George C. Marshall wins the Nobel Peace Prize for originating the Marshall Plan
1975: Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain’s acting head of state, taking over from General Franco
2001: Michael Jordan returns to the NBA with the Washington Wizards after a 3 1/2 year retirement.
2014: Sweden is the first European Union member state to officially recognize the State of Palestine.
1390: First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.
1929:“Black Tuesday” Wall Street Stock Market crashes triggering the “Great Depression”
1944: World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
1988: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, social reformer and freedom fighter, passed away.
1999: A large cyclone devastates Odisha, India.
2005: Three bomb blasts in Delhi killed 62 people and injured more than 200.
2015: China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years.
1422: Charles V’s son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
1746: Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
1886: U.S. President Grover Cleveland officially dedicates the Statue of Liberty in New York
2001: Masked gunmen burst into a church in eastern Pakistan killing 18 people, including children who were at prayer
1922: King Victor Emmanuel III hands over power to Mussolini who was supported by the military.
1644: Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
1806: Emperor Napoleon enters Berlin.
1962: Black Saturday – Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
1982: China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus people
1997: Stock markets crash around the world over fears of a global economic meltdown.
2014: Britain withdraws from Afghanistan after the end of Operation Herrick.
2017: Catalonia declares independence from Spain.
1776: Benjamin Franklin sets sail for France to seek support for the American Revolution
1863: International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields
1863: Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby
1905: Sweden accepts the independence of Norway.
1958: Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
1959: The first photographs are seen on earth of the far side of the moon via Soviet satellite Lunik III radio signals
1994: Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
1147: Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum
1415: Battle of Agincourt: Henry V’s forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight.
1621: Gov. Bradford of US Plymouth colony disallowed sport on Christmas Day.
1914: John Berryman, American poet and scholar was born.
1962: American author John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
1982: Oliver Goodwill Musician and actor was born.
1995: Cliff Richard receives a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II.
1648: Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year’s War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland’s independence recognized
1857: World’s first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England
1890: President Benjamin Harrison extends borders of Nebraska
1965: 1st Cavalry Division launches Operation Silver Bayonet.
1929: Black Thursday”, start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%
1707: The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
1746: Princeton University, in New Jersey, receives its charter.
1836: Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
1942: During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt.
1955: The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight.
1981: US national debt hits $1 trillion.
1985: Chris Neal, English footballer was born.
1633: Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea
1708: Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
1875: Sons of American Revolution was organized.
1900: Ashfaqulla Khan, freedom fighter, was born
1555: English parliament refused to recognize Philip of Spain as king.
1805: Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.
1948: UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons
1950: Chinese forces occupy Tibet
1988: Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife, Imelda, are indicted by a federal grand jury in New York on charges of fraud and racketeering.
1962: War Breaks Out Between India and China.
1964: The 31st president of the United States, Herbert Hoover, died in New York at age 90.
1973: Sydney Opera House opens.
1985: James Sutton, English race car driver was born.
2011: Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya died.
2011: Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi is killed by rebel troops in Surt, Libya, his hometown.
1216: King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
1512: Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology.
1789: John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
1900: Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation.
1933: Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
2005: Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
1016: The Danes defeat the English in the Battle of Assandun.
1648: Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
1898: The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
1909: Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist was born.
1954: Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.
1991: The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.
1558: Poczta Polska, the Polish postal service, is founded.
1817: Giovanni Belzoni discovers the tomb of Seti I.
1919: RCA is incorporated as the Radio Corporation of America.
1943: The Burma Railway (Burma–Thailand Railway) is completed.
1979: Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
2018: Legalization of recreational use of cannabis in Canada.
1384: Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
1793: The Battle of Wattignies ends in a French victory.
1847: The novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is published in London.
1964: China detonates its first nuclear weapon.
1973: Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Thọ are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
2013: Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes on approach to Pakse International Airport in Laos, killing 49 people.
1815: Emperor Napoleon I begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
1878: The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
1932: Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
1939: The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed LaGuardia Airport) is dedicated.
2001: NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
2011: The 2011 Global Protests occur.
1758: Seven Years’ War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirch.
1888: Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
1920: Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.
1926: The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
1982: U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
2017: A massive truck bombing in Somalia kills 358 people and injures more than 400 others.
2017: Daniel Webb, American baseball player was died.
1269: The present church building at Westminster Abbey is consecrated.
1773: The Whirlpool Galaxy is discovered by Charles Messier.
1821: The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire is publicly proclaimed.
1885: The Georgia Institute of Technology is founded in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
1923: Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
2016: The Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1773: America’s first insane asylum opens.
1792: The first celebration of Columbus Day is held in New York City.
1823: Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat.
1890: Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formed.
1968: Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain.
2008: Lithuanian nuclear power referendum, 2008 is performed.
1531: Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
1727: George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.
1852: The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1899: The Western League is renamed the American League.
2000: NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery.
2001: The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
1631: An army of the Electorate of Saxony seizes Prague.
1903: The Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst.
1928: Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
1957: The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world’s first major nuclear accident.
1973: U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
2010: The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country.
1410: The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.
1514: Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.
1804: Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
1874: General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Bern.
1962: Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
2006: North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.
1075: Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia.
1645: Jeanne Mance open the first lay hospital in North America.
1871: The Great Chicago Fire and the much deadlier Peshtigo Fire break out.
1952: The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.
1982: Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions.
2016: In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to nearly 900.
1571: The Battle of Lepanto is fought, and the Ottoman Navy suffers its first defeat.
1840: Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.
1912: The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
1958: The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.
1996: Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.
2016: In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to 800.
1762: Seven Years’ War: The British Capture Manila from Spain and occupy it.
1884: The Naval War College of the United States is founded in Rhode Island.
1903: The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
1979: Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
2010: Instagram, a mainstream photo-sharing application, is founded.
1143: King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
1857: The city of Anaheim, California is founded.
1921: The 1921 World Series is the first to be broadcast on radio.
1970: The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.
1984: Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space.
1999: The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
1302: The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.
1824: Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
1895: Horace Rawlins wins the first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship.
1957: Sputnik 1 becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
1965: Pope Paul VI begins the first papal visit to the Americas.
2006: WikiLeaks is launched.
1392: Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.
1795: Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.
1918: King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
1932: Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
2010: The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.
1263: The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.
1789: The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.
1925: John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system.
1967: Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player was born.
2000: The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
2015: Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama died.
1791: First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
1843: The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London.
1891: Stanford University opens its doors in California.
1946: Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.
1957: First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
1969: Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
2009: The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
|Today in History October Month Complete|