Today In History October

 Today In History

31st October

1876: Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), over 200,000 killed.

158: Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.

1864: Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.

1918: Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week

1984: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down outside of her home by Sikh extremists.

2011: The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations

2013: Researchers in Vietnam completed a two-year project to use nanotechnology to produce Nano Curcumin, a substance that can help treat cancer

30th October

1534: English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church in England – a role formerly held by the Pope.

1817: Simon Bolivar becomes President of the Third Republic of Venezuela.

1899: Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith

1953: General George C. Marshall wins the Nobel Peace Prize for originating the Marshall Plan

1975: Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain’s acting head of state, taking over from General Franco

2001: Michael Jordan returns to the NBA with the Washington Wizards after a 3 1/2 year retirement.

2014: Sweden is the first European Union member state to officially recognize the State of Palestine.

29th October

1390: First trial for witchcraft in Paris leading to the death of three people.

1929:“Black Tuesday” Wall Street Stock Market crashes triggering the “Great Depression”

1944: World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.

1988: Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, social reformer and freedom fighter, passed away.

1999: A large cyclone devastates Odisha, India.

2005: Three bomb blasts in Delhi killed 62 people and injured more than 200.

2015: China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years.

28th October

1422: Charles V’s son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France

1746: Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die

1886: U.S. President Grover Cleveland officially dedicates the Statue of Liberty in New York

2001: Masked gunmen burst into a church in eastern Pakistan killing 18 people, including children who were at prayer

1922: King Victor Emmanuel III hands over power to Mussolini who was supported by the military.

27th October

1644: Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.

1806: Emperor Napoleon enters Berlin.

1962: Black Saturday – Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba

1982: China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus people

1997: Stock markets crash around the world over fears of a global economic meltdown.

2014: Britain withdraws from Afghanistan after the end of Operation Herrick.

2017: Catalonia declares independence from Spain.

26th October

1776: Benjamin Franklin sets sail for France to seek support for the American Revolution

1863: International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields

1863: Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby

1905: Sweden accepts the independence of Norway.

1958: Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.

1959: The first photographs are seen on earth of the far side of the moon via Soviet satellite Lunik III radio signals

1994: Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.

25th October

1147: Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum

1415: Battle of Agincourt: Henry V’s forces defeat larger French army and the longbow defeats the armoured knight.

1621: Gov. Bradford of US Plymouth colony disallowed sport on Christmas Day.

1914: John Berryman, American poet and scholar was born.

1962: American author John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.

1982: Oliver Goodwill Musician and actor was born.

1995: Cliff Richard receives a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II.

24th October

1648: Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year’s War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland’s independence recognized

1857: World’s first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England

1890: President Benjamin Harrison extends borders of Nebraska

1965: 1st Cavalry Division launches Operation Silver Bayonet.

1929: Black Thursday”, start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%

23rd October

1707: The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.

1746: Princeton University, in New Jersey, receives its charter.

1836: Sam Houston sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas.

1942: During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt.

1955: The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight.

1981: US national debt hits $1 trillion.

1985: Chris Neal, English footballer was born.

22nd October

1633: Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea

1708: Great Alliance occupies Rijsel

1875: Sons of American Revolution was organized.

1900: Ashfaqulla Khan, freedom fighter, was born

21st October

1555: English parliament refused to recognize Philip of Spain as king.

1805: Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

1948: UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons

1950: Chinese forces occupy Tibet

1988: Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife, Imelda, are indicted by a federal grand jury in New York on charges of fraud and racketeering.

20th October

1962: War Breaks Out Between India and China.

1964: The 31st president of the United States, Herbert Hoover, died in New York at age 90.

1973: Sydney Opera House opens.

1985: James Sutton, English race car driver was born.

2011: Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya died.

2011: Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi is killed by rebel troops in Surt, Libya, his hometown.

19th October:

1216: King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.

1512: Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology.

1789: John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.

1900: Max Planck discovers the law of black-body radiation.

1933: Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.

2005: Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

18th October:

1016: The Danes defeat the English in the Battle of Assandun.

1648: Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.

1898: The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.

1909: Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and theorist was born.

1954: Texas Instruments announces the first transistor radio.

1991: The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.

17th October:

1558: Poczta Polska, the Polish postal service, is founded.

1817: Giovanni Belzoni discovers the tomb of Seti I.

1919: RCA is incorporated as the Radio Corporation of America.

1943: The Burma Railway (Burma–Thailand Railway) is completed.

1979: Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

2018: Legalization of recreational use of cannabis in Canada.

16th October:

1384: Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.

1793: The Battle of Wattignies ends in a French victory.

1847: The novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte is published in London.

1964: China detonates its first nuclear weapon.

1973: Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Thọ are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

2013: Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes on approach to Pakse International Airport in Laos, killing 49 people.

15th October:

1879: The Segura river in southeastern Spain floods, killing 1077 people.

1900: Mervyn LeRoy, American actor, director, and producer was born.

2003: Mikhail Gorbachev is Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

2003: China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.

2013: The 7.2 Mw Bohol earthquake strikes the Philippines. At least 215 die.

14th October:

1758: Seven Years’ War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirch.

1888: Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.

1920: Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.

1926: The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.

1982: U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.

2017: A massive truck bombing in Somalia kills 358 people and injures more than 400 others.

2017: Daniel Webb, American baseball player was died.

13th October:

1921: New York Giants beat the Yankees in the World series in New York today.

1943: Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time ally, and was granted the status of a co-belligerent by the United Nations.

2005: Apple introduce new iPod capable of playing video at a resolution of 320×240 starting at $299.00.

2008: Iceland’s stock exchange will remain suspended because of continuing “unusual market conditions.”

2019: Kenyan Brigid Kosgei sets a new world record for a woman runner with a time of 2:14:04 at the 2019 Chicago Marathon.

2001: Caleb McLaughlin, American actor was born.

12th October:

1773: America’s first insane asylum opens.

1792: The first celebration of Columbus Day is held in New York City.

1823: Charles Macintosh of Scotland sells the first raincoat.

1890: Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formed.

1968: Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain.

2008: Lithuanian nuclear power referendum, 2008 is performed.

11th October:

1531: Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.

1727: George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.

1852: The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.

1899: The Western League is renamed the American League.

2000: NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission, using Space Shuttle Discovery.

2001: The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.

10th October:

1631: An army of the Electorate of Saxony seizes Prague.

1903: The Women’s Social and Political Union was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst.

1928: Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.

1957: The Windscale fire in Cumbria, U.K. is the world’s first major nuclear accident.

1973: U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.

2010: The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country.

9th October:

1410: The first known mention of the Prague astronomical clock.

1514: Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.

1804: Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.

1874: General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Bern.

1962: Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.

2006: North Korea conducts its first nuclear test.

8th October:

1075: Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia.

1645: Jeanne Mance open the first lay hospital in North America.

1871: The Great Chicago Fire and the much deadlier Peshtigo Fire break out.

1952: The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.

1982: Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions.

2016: In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to nearly 900.

7th October:

1571: The Battle of Lepanto is fought, and the Ottoman Navy suffers its first defeat.

1840: Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.

1912: The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.

1958: The U.S. manned space-flight project is renamed Project Mercury.

1996: Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.

2016: In the wake of Hurricane Matthew, the death toll rises to 800.

6th October:

1762: Seven Years’ War: The British Capture Manila from Spain and occupy it.

1884: The Naval War College of the United States is founded in Rhode Island.

1903: The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.

1979: Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.

2010: Instagram, a mainstream photo-sharing application, is founded.

5th October:

1143: King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.

1857: The city of Anaheim, California is founded.

1921: The 1921 World Series is the first to be broadcast on radio.

1970: The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded.

1984: Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space.

1999: The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.

4th October:

1302: The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.

1824: Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.

1895: Horace Rawlins wins the first U.S. Open Men’s Golf Championship.

1957: Sputnik 1 becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.

1965: Pope Paul VI begins the first papal visit to the Americas.

2006: WikiLeaks is launched.

3rd October:

1392: Muhammed VII becomes the twelfth sultan of the Emirate of Granada.

1795: Slave rebel leader Tula is executed in Curaçao.

1918: King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.

1932: Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.

2010: The 19th Commonwealth Games commence in Delhi.

2nd October:

1263: The Battle of Largs is fought between Norwegians and Scots.

1789: The United States Bill of Rights is sent to the various States for ratification.

1925: John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system.

1967: Thomas Muster, Austrian tennis player was born.

2000: The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.

2015: Eric Arturo Delvalle, Panamanian lawyer and politician, President of Panama died.

1st October:

1791: First session of the French Legislative Assembly.

1843: The News of the World tabloid begins publication in London.

1891: Stanford University opens its doors in California.

1946: Nazi leaders are sentenced at the Nuremberg trials.

1957: First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.

1969: Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.

2009: The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.

 Today in History October Month Complete