Today in History March

Today In History

31st March:

1561: The city of San Cristóbal, Táchira is founded.

1885: The United Kingdom establishes the Bechuanaland Protectorate.

1889: The Eiffel Tower is officially opened.

1921: The Royal Australian Air Force is formed.

1931: An earthquake in Nicaragua destroys Managua; killing 2,000.

1998: Netscape releases Mozilla source code under an open source license.

30th March:

1296: Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.

1822: The Florida Territory is created in the United States.

1856: The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War.

1939: The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph.

1961: The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed in New York City.

29th March:

1549: The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.

1831: Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks rebel against Turkey.

1871: Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.

1886: John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.

1941: The North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time.

2010: Two suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.

28th March:

1776: Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.

1842: First concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, founded by Otto Nicolai.

1871: The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.

1959: The State Council of the People’s Republic of China dissolves the government of Tibet.

1999: Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces kill 146 Kosovo Albanians in Izbica.

2006: Massive protests are mounted against France’s First Employment Contract law, meant to reduce youth unemployment.

27th March:

1625: Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.

1794: The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.

1871: The first international rugby football match, when Scotland defeats England in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.

1958: Nikita Khrushchev becomes Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union.

1993: Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People’s Republic of China.

2009: The dam forming Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails, killing at least 99 people.

26th March:

1552: Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh guru.

1636: Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands.

1871: The elections of Commune council of the Paris Commune are held.

1922: The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland.

1925: Maqsood Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer was born.

1958: Phil Mead, English cricketer and footballer was died.

25th March:

1555: The city of Valencia is founded in present-day Venezuela.

1655: Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christiaan Huygens.

1911: In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers.

1931: The Scottsboro Boys are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape.

1975: Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by a mentally ill nephew.

2006: Capitol Hill massacre: A gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood.

24th March:

1731: Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act is passed.

1837: Canada gives African Canadian men the right to vote.

1860: Sakuradamon Incident: Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister Ii Naosuke.

1907: The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published.

1961: Quebec Board of the French Language is established.

1998: First computer-assisted Bone Segment Navigation, performed at the University of Regensburg, Germany.

23rd March:

1857: Elisha Otis’s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.

1868: The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, British India.

1935: Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

1940: The Lahore Resolution ( Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All-India Muslim League.

1996: Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.

22nd March:

1621: The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.

1638: Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.

1872: Illinois becomes the first state to require gender equality in employment.

1894: The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.

1945: The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.

1997: Tara Lipinski, aged 14 years and 9 months, becomes the youngest women’s World Figure Skating Champion.

21st March:

1188: Emperor Antoku accedes to the throne of Japan.

1788: A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins.

1871: Otto von Bismarck is appointed as the first Chancellor of the German Empire.

1928: Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic flight.

1970: The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by Joseph Alioto, Mayor of San Francisco.

1990: Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.

20th March:

1602: The Dutch East India Company is established.

1854: The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.

1888: The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.

1987: The Food and Drug Administration approves the anti-AIDS drug, AZT.

1999: Legoland California, the first Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.

2012: At least 52 people are killed and more than 250 injured in a wave of terror attacks across ten cities in Iraq.

19th March:

1853: The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864.

1885: Louis Riel declares a provisional government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.

1918: The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.

1958: The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured.

1966: Texas Western becomes the first college basketball team to win the Final four with an all-black starting lineup.

2016: Flydubai Flight 981 crashes while attempting to land at Rostov-on-Don international airport, killing all 62 on board.

18th March:

1314: Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.

1644: The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.

1850: American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.

1874: Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.

1938: Mexico creates Pemex by expropriating all foreign-owned oil reserves and facilities.

1996: A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines kills 162 people.

2014: The parliaments of Russia and Crimea sign an accession treaty.

17th March:

1337: Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy in England.

1677: The Siege of Valenciennes, during the Franco-Dutch War, ends with France’s taking of the city.

1842: The Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is formed.

1861: The Kingdom of Italy is proclaimed.

1963: Mount Agung erupted on Bali killing more than 1,100 people.

2011: United Nations Security Council Resolution 1972 relating to Somalia is adopted.

16th March:

1322: The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the Despenser Wars.

1521: Ferdinand Magellan reaches the island of Homonhon in the Philippines.

1689: The 23rd Regiment of Foot, or Royal Welch Fusiliers, is founded.

1870: The first version of the overture fantasy Romeo and Juliet by Tchaikovsky receives its première performance.

1924: In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume becomes annexed as part of Italy.

1989: In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found near the Pyramid of Cheops.

2014: Crimea votes in a controversial referendum to secede from Ukraine to join Russia.

15th March:

1493: Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.

1672: Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence.

1820: Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.

1875: Archbishop of New York John McCloskey is named the first cardinal in the United States.

1877: First ever official cricket test match is played: Australia vs England at the MCG Stadium, in Melbourne, Australia.

1990: Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first President of the Soviet Union.

14th March:

1663: Otto von Guericke completes his book on Vacuum.

1794: Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.

1903: Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is established by US President Theodore Roosevelt.

1951: Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.

1978: The Israel Defense Forces invade and occupies southern Lebanon in Operation Litani.

2008: A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupt in Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet.

13tn March:

1138: Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.

1639: Harvard College is named after clergyman John Harvard.

1881: Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him.

1988: The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan.

1997: India’s Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.

2013: Pope Francis is elected, in the papal conclave, as the 266th Pope of the Catholic Church.

12th March:

1881: Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.

1918: Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.

1921: Istiklal Marşı is adopted in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

1961: First winter ascent of the North Face of the Eiger.

1994: The Church of England ordains its first female priests.

2004: The President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, is impeached by its National Assembly: The first such impeachment in the nation’s history.

11th March:

1702: The Daily Courant, England’s first national daily newspaper is published for the first time.

1824: The United States Department of War creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1864: The Great Sheffield Flood kills 238 people in Sheffield, England.

1927: In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.

1983: Bob Hawke is appointed Prime Minister of Australia.

2006: Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile.

2012: A U.S. soldier kills 16 civilians in the Panjwayi District of Afghanistan near Kandahar.

10th March:

1629: Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule.

1735: An agreement between Nader Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.

1814: Emperor Napoleon I is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.

1830: The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.

1876: The first successful test of a telephone is made by Alexander Graham Bell.

1952: Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the “provisional president”.

9th March:

1862: American Civil War: The USS Monitor and CSS Virginia fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads.

1908: Inter Milan was founded on Football Club Internazionale, following a schism from the Milan Cricket and Football Club.

1944: World War II: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.

1959: The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York

1976: Forty-two people died in the 1976 Cavalese cable car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.

2011: Space Shuttle Discovery makes its final landing after 39 flights.

 8th March:

1817: The New York Stock Exchange is founded.

1844: King Oscar I ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.

1862: American Civil War: The Naval Battle of Hampton Roads begins.

1937: Spanish Civil War: The Battle of Guadalajara begins.

1957: Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.

1966: Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin, Ireland, destroyed by a bomb.

7th March:

1814:  Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.

1862:  American Civil War: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at the Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas

1876:  Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the “telephone”

1950:  Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.

1900:  The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore.

1914: Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign as King.

6th March:

1521: Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.

1788: The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.

1869: Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.

1957: Ghana becomes the first Sub-Saharan country to gain independence from the British.

1983: The first United States Football League games are played.

1992: The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.

5th March:

1152: Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of Germany.

1351: Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.

1628: The Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.

1791: Vermont is admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state.

1794: The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by the U.S. Congress.

1917: Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.

4th March:

1284: The Statute of Rhuddlan incorporates the Principality of Wales into England.

1575: Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

1820: The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.

1885: The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.

1913: Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.

1958: Nuri al-Said becomes Prime Minister of Iraq for the eighth time.

3rd March:

1575: Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

1799: The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ends with the surrender of the French garrison.

1845: Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.

1885: The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.

1924: The Free State of Fiume is annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.

1958: Nuri al-Said becomes Prime Minister of Iraq for the eighth time.

2005: Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.

2nd March:

1127: Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.

1458: George of Poděbrady is chosen as the king of Bohemia.

1498: Vasco da Gama’s fleet visits the Island of Mozambique.

1717: The Loves of Mars and Venus is the first ballet performed in England.

1867: The U.S. Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act.

1919: The first Communist International meets in Moscow.

1st March:

1562: Sixty-three Huguenots are massacred in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.

1565: The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.

1642: Georgeana, Massachusetts becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.

1790: The first United States census is authorized.

1811: Leaders of the Mamluk dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.

1868: The Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia.

Today in History March Month Complete