Today in History January

Today In History

23 January

393 : Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his eight-year-old son Honorius co-emperor.

1571: The Royal Exchange opens in London.

1719: The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

1899: Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

1997: Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

22 January

1506: The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.

1555: The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now Burma.

1824: The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.

1890: The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.

1947: KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.

2002: Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

21 January

1720: Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm.

1774: Abdul Hamid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1911: The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place.

1925: Albania declares itself a republic.

1976: Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

2005: In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government’s new taxes erupts into riots.

20 January

1320: Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.

1523: Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.

1839: In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats an alliance between Peru and Bolivia.

1936: Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.

1949: Harry S. Truman is inaugurated the 33rd President of the United States.

2009: Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America.

19 January

1661: Thomas Venner is hanged, drawn and quartered in London.

1788: The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrive at Botany Bay.

1839: The British East India Company captures Aden.

1915: Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.

2012: The Hong Kong-based file-sharing website Megaupload is shut down by the FBI.

1993: Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations.

18 January

1126: Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.

1562: Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session.

1788: The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from Great Britain to Australia arrive at Botany Bay.

1886: Modern hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

1993: Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 states.

17 January

1287: King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Menorca.

1562: France recognizes the Huguenots by the Edict of Saint-Germain.

1852: The United Kingdom signs the Sand River Convention with the South African Republic.

1885: A British force defeats a large Dervish army at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan.

1996: The Czech Republic applies for membership of the European Union.

2007: The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight in response to North Korea’s nuclear testing.

16 January

1412: The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.

1492: The first grammar of the Spanish language is presented to Queen Isabella I.

1847: John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.

1920: The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris, France.

1942: Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.

1979: The last Iranian Shah flees Iran with his family for good and relocates to Egypt.

15 January

1759: The British Museum opens.

1822: Greek War of Independence: Demetrios Ypsilantis is elected president of the legislative assembly.

1844: University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.

1892: James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.

1943: The Pentagon is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.

1970: Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.

14 January

1301: Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.

1761: The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marathas.

1939: Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.

1950: The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.

2010: Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.

13th January

1607: The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.

1888: The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C.

1893: The UK’s Independent Labour Party holds its first meeting.

1968: Johnny Cash performs live for the second time at Folsom Prison.

1977: Orlando Bloom was born.

1988: Lee Teng-hui becomes the first native Taiwanese President of the Republic of China.

12th January

1493: Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily.

1552: Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, hundreds killed.

1598: Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso.

1970: Nigerian civil war ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria.

1998: Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.

2016: Ten people are killed and 15 wounded in a bombing near the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.

11th January

1055: Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.

1558: Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm.

1569: 1st recorded lottery in England is drawn in St Paul’s Cathedral.

1753: Ferdinand VI of Spain & Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord.

1759: 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia.

1986: The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia is officially opened.

10th January

1429: Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain.

1475: Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.

1863: The first underground passenger railway line, the Metropolitan, opens in London.

1946: UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London.

1971: Gabrielle ‘Choco’ Chanel, one of the most famous fashion designers in history dies.

1990: Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications.

9th January

1760: Ahmad Shah Durrani defeats the Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.

1788: Connecticut becomes the fifth state to ratify the Constitution.

1839: The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.

1878: Umberto I becomes King of Italy.

1923: Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight.

2011: Iran Air Flight 277 crashes near Orumiyeh in the northeast of the country, killing 77 people.

8th January

1198: Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III.

1297: Monaco gains its independence.

1675: 1st American commercial corporation chartered.

1828: The Democratic Party of the United States is organized.

2002: President George W. Bush signs into law the No Child Left Behind Act.

2009: A 6.1-magnitude earthquake in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32.

7th January

1782: The Bank of North America opened in Philadelphia. It was the first commercial bank in the United States.

1894: W.K. Dickson received a patent for motion picture film.

1926: George Burns and Gracie Allen were married.

1953: U.S. President Harry Truman announced the development of the hydrogen bomb.

2012: A hot air balloon crashes near Carterton, New Zealand, killing all 11 people on board.

6th January

1099: Henry V crowned German king.

1352: French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star.

1355: Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.

1494: The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola.

1992: President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia flees the country as a result of the military coup.

2001: Congress certifies George W. Bush winner of 2000 elections.

5th January

1463: French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris.

1781: British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia.

1867: Dimitrios Gounaris, Greek lawyer and politician, 94th Prime Minister of Greece was born.

1919: National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers’ Party.

1944: The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.

2000: Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil politician Kumar Ponnambalam is shot dead in Colombo.

4th January

1649: English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.

1762: Great Britain enters the Seven Years’ War against Spain and Naples.

1865: The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters near Wall Street in New York City.

2007: The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

2010: The Burj Khalifa, the current tallest building in the world, officially opens in Dubai.

3rd January

236 : St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

936 : Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII.

1338: Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent.

1977: Apple Computer, Inc incorporates.

1985: Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews.

1951: Gary Nairn, Australian surveyor and politician, 14th Special Minister of State was born.

2nd January

366 : The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.

533 : John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope.

1788: Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1818: The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.

2006: An explosion in a coal mine in Sago, West Virginia traps and kills 12 miners, leaving only one survivor.

1st January

45BC: The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.

1001: Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.

1600: Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.

1948: The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways.

2009: Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.

Today in History January Month Complete