Today in History February

Today In History

28th February:

1638: The Scottish National Covenant is signed in Edinburgh.

1784: John Wesley charters the Methodist Church.

1870: The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abdulaziz of the Ottoman Empire.

1904: S.L. Benfica is founded in Portugal.

1940: Basketball is televised for the first time (Fordham University vs. the University of Pittsburgh in Madison Square Garden).

2005: A suicide bombing at a police recruiting centre in Al Hillah, Iraq kills 127.

27th February:

1700: The island of New Britain is discovered.

1844: The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti.

1870: The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships.

1900: The British Labour Party is founded.

1921: The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna.

2007: The Chinese Correction: The Shanghai Stock Exchange falls 9%, the largest drop in ten years.

26th February:

1794: The first Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen burns down.

1919: President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of Congress establishing the Grand Canyon National Park.

1952: Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada.

1979: The Superliner railcar enters revenue service with Amtrak.

1996: Keddies, the Southend-on-Sea department store closes it doors after 104 years of trading.

2013: A hot air balloon crashes near Luxor, Egypt, killing 19 people.

25th February:

1836: Samuel Colt is granted a United States patent for the Colt revolver.

1856: A Peace conference opens in Paris after the Crimean War.

1901: J. P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.

1954: Gamal Abdel Nasser is made premier of Egypt.

2015: At least 310 people are killed in avalanches in northeastern Afghanistan.

1304: Ibn Battuta, Moroccan jurist was born.

24th February:

1525: A Spanish-Austrian army defeats a French army at the Battle of Pavia.

1821: Final stage of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain with Plan of Iguala.

1848: King Louis-Philippe of France abdicates the throne.

1863: Arizona is organized as a United States territory.

1920: The Nazi Party is founded.

1945: Egyptian Premier Ahmad Mahir Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.

2015: A Metrolink train derails in Oxnard, California following a collision with a truck, leaving more than 30 injured.

23rd February:

1883: Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law..

1887: The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.

1854: The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.

1934: Leopold III becomes King of Belgium.

2017: The Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army captures Al-Bab from ISIL.

22nd February:

1371: Robert II becomes King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.

1632: Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.

1797: The last Invasion of Britain begins near Fishguard, Wales.

1856: The United States Republican Party opens its first national convention in Pittsburgh.

1907: Robert Baden-Powell made the first scouting camp in Brownsea, England.

1986: Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.

21st February:

1440: The Prussian Confederation is formed.

1842: John Greenough is granted the first U.S. patent for the sewing machine.

1878: The first telephone directory is issued in New Haven, Connecticut.

1913: Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars.

1925: The New Yorker publishes its first issue.

1965: Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City.

20th February:

1547: Edward VI of England is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.

1798: Louis-Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.

1835: The 1835 Concepción earthquake destroys Concepcion, Chile.

1872: The Metropolitan Museum of Art opens in New York City.

1909: Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.

2016: Six people are killed and two injured in multiple shooting incidents in Kalamazoo County, Michigan.

19th February:

1726: The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.

1847: The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.

1953: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.

1985: William J. Schroeder becomes the first recipient of an artificial heart to leave hospital.

1985: Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashes into Mount Oiz in Spain, killing 148.

2003: An Ilyushin Il-76 military aircraft crashes near Kerman, Iran, killing 275.

18th February:

1268: The Livonian Order is defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakvere.

1873: Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.

1906: Edouard de Laveleye forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.

1954: The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles.

1965: The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.

2003: Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.

17th February:

1621: Myles Standish is appointed as first military commander of the English Plymouth Colony in North America.

1819: The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise for the first time.

1854: The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.

1867: The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.

1949: Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel.

2015: Eighteen people are killed and 78 injured in a stampede at a Mardi Gras parade in Haiti.

16th February:

1270: Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Livonian Order in the Battle of Karuse.

1742: Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.

1923: Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.

1978: The first computer bulletin board system is created.

2005: The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.

2006: The last Mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.

15th February:

1637: Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.

1764: The city of St. Louis is established in Spanish Louisiana.

1835: The first constitutional law in modern Serbia is adopted.

1923: Greece becomes the last European country to adopt the Gregorian calendar.

1971: The decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.

2012: Three hundred sixty people die in a fire at a Honduran prison in the city of Comayagua.

14th February:

1966: Australian currency is decimalized.

1949: The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.

1945: World War II Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans..

 2005: YouTube is launched by a group of college students.

2011: As a part of Arab Spring, the Bahraini uprising begins with a Day of Rage.

13th February:

1955: Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea Scrolls.

1975:  Fire at the World Trade Center in New York.

1983: A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people.

1689: William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.

2001:  An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter magnitude scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.

12th February

1541: Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.

1855: Michigan State University is established.

1961: The Soviet Union launches Venera 1 towards Venus.

1974: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.

1992: The current Constitution of Mongolia comes into effect.

1946: World War II Operation Dead light ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.

11th February

1861:  American Civil War: The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.

1873:  King Amadeo I of Spain abdicates.

1990:  Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.

2017:  North Korea test fires a ballistic missile across the Sea of Japan.

2018:  Saratov Airlines Flight 703 crashes near Moscow, Russia. All 71 people on board die.

10th February

1355: The St Scholastica Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

1840: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

1923: Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas

1954: United States President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.

2013: Thirty-six people are killed and 39 others are injured in a stampede in Allahabad, India, during the Kumbh Mela festival.

9th February

1555: Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.

1788: The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp.

1922: Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1971: Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing.

1991: Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.

1996: Copernicium is first discovered.

8th February

871 : Alfred the Great leads a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings.

1547: The first Lithuanian-language book, Simple Words of Catechism, is published in Konigsberg.

1790: George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address in New York City.

1828: The Democratic Party of the United States is organized.

1912: The African National Congress is founded.

1973: Soviet space mission Luna 21 is launched.

7th February

1301: Edward of Caernarvon becomes the first English Prince of Wales.

1795: The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.

1812: The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.

1940: The second full-length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres.

1962: The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.

1999: Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.

6th February

1788: Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

1815: New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to John Stevens.

1819: Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.

1890: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pakistani activist and politician was born.

1893: Pakistani politician and diplomat, 1st Minister of Foreign Affairs for Pakistan Zafarullah khan was born.

1987: Justice Mary Gaudron becomes the first woman to be appointed to the High Court of Australia.

5th February

1778: South Carolina becomes the second state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.

1782: Spanish defeat British forces and capture Menorca.

1818: Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.

1962: French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.

1994: Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.

2008: A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States kills 57.

4th February

1555: John Rogers is burned at the stake, becoming the first English Protestant martyr under Mary I of England.

1801: John Marshall is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.

1810: The Royal Navy seizes Guadeloupe.

1899: The Philippine–American War begins with the Battle of Manila.

1966: All Nippon Airways Flight 60 plunges into Tokyo Bay, killing 133.

1976: In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 22,000.

3rd February

1451: Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

1690: The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in the Americas.

1809: The Territory of Illinois is created by the 10th United States Congress.

1834: Wake Forest University is established.

2007: A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

2nd February

1032: Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes king of Burgundy.

1438: Nine leaders of the Transylvanian peasant revolt are executed at Torda.

1653: New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.

1876: The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.

1913: Grand Central Terminal is opened in New York City.

1971: Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda.

1st February

1662: The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.

1793: French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

1796: The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.

1897: Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.

1964: The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with “I Want to Hold Your Hand”.

2013: The Shard, the tallest building in the European Union, is opened to the public.


Today in History February Month Complete